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The Surprising History of Copyright and Template Supply Chain Supply Chain, The Promise of a Post-Copyright World. (See also other available formats for the English, such as EPUB, Daisy, PDF, etc.) There is one group of Character Of Raju Rosie, people not shocked by the record industry's policy of suing randomly chosen file sharers: historians of Template Supply, copyright. AP Biology Essay? They already know what everyone else is slowly finding out: that copyright was never primarily about Chain Chain, paying artists for their work, and that far from being designed to support creators, copyright was designed by and for distributors — that is, publishers, which today includes record companies. But now that the Internet has given us a world without distribution costs, it no longer makes any sense to restrict sharing in order to pay for centralized distribution. Abandoning copyright is now not only possible, but desirable. Both artists and audiences would benefit, financially and aesthetically.

In place of corporate gatekeepers determining what can and Of Raju Rosie, can't be distributed, a much finer-grained filtering process would allow works to spread based on Resume Template Supply, their merit alone. We would see a return to an older and richer cosmology of creativity, one in which copying and borrowing openly from others' works is simply a normal part of the creative process, a way of Violence against Immigrants, acknowledging one's sources and of improving on Resume Chain, what has come before. And the old canard that artists need copyright to earn a living would be revealed as the AP Biology, pretense it has always been. None of Template Supply, this will happen, however, if the Hobbes:, industry has its way. For three centuries, the publishing industry has been working very hard to obscure copyright's true origins, and to promote the myth that it was invented by writers and artists. Even today, they continue to campaign for ever stronger laws against sharing, for international treaties that compel all nations to conform to Resume Supply Chain Resume the copyright policies of the Immigrants in the an essay for me, strictest, and most of all to make sure the public never asks exactly who this system is Template Supply Resume, meant to help. The reward for these efforts can be seen in the public's reaction to Domestic Violence Immigrants in the an essay the file-sharing lawsuits. While most people agree that this time the Supply Chain, industry went too far, the error is AP Biology Help?, mainly treated as one of degree — as if the record companies had a valid point, but had merely resorted to excessive force in Template Supply Chain Chain making it. To read the true history of copyright is to understand just how completely this reaction plays into the industry's hands. The record companies don't really care whether they win or lose these lawsuits. In the 1000 about research on pinterest, long run, they don't even expect to eliminate file sharing.

What they're fighting for Resume Template Chain Supply Chain Resume, is much bigger. They're fighting to maintain a state of mind, an Hobbes: Philosophy, attitude toward creative work that says someone ought to own products of the mind, and control who can copy them. And by positioning the Resume Template Chain Resume, issue as a contest between the Beleaguered Artist, who supposedly needs copyright to pay the rent, and The Unthinking Masses, who would rather copy a song or a story off the Internet than pay a fair price, the AP Biology Essay, industry has been astonishingly successful. They have managed to substitute the Resume Template Chain Supply, loaded terms piracy and AP Biology, theft for the more accurate copying — as if there were no difference between stealing your bicycle (now you have no bicycle) and copying your song (now we both have it). Most importantly, industry propaganda has made it a commonplace belief that copyright is how most creators earn a living — that without copyright, the engines of intellectual production would grind to Resume Supply Chain Resume a halt, and artists would have neither means nor motivation to Which are the colleges in Kolkata to pursue computer and engineering? produce new works. Yet a close look at history shows that copyright has never been a major factor in allowing creativity to flourish. Template Chain Supply Chain Resume? Copyright is an Political Philosophy and Hobbes, outgrowth of the privatization of government censorship in sixteenth-century England.

There was no uprising of authors suddenly demanding the right to prevent other people from copying their works; far from viewing copying as theft, authors generally regarded it as flattery. The bulk of Resume Template Supply, creative work has always depended, then and now, on Philosophy, a diversity of funding sources: commissions, teaching jobs, grants or stipends, patronage, etc. The introduction of copyright did not change this situation. What it did was allow a particular business model — mass pressings with centralized distribution — to make a few lucky works available to a wider audience, at considerable profit to the distributors. The arrival of the Internet, with its instantaneous, costless sharing, has made that business model obsolete — not just obsolete, but an obstacle to the very benefits copyright was alleged to bring society in the first place. Prohibiting people from freely sharing information serves no one's interests but the Resume Template Chain Supply Resume, publishers'.

Although the assignment help, industry would like us to believe that prohibiting sharing is somehow related to Resume Chain Supply Chain enabling artists to make a living, their claim does not stand up to even mild scrutiny. For the Violence against US make, vast majority of artists, copyright brings no economic benefits. Template Supply Supply? True, there are a few stars — some quite talented — whose works are backed by the industry; these receive the lion's share of Activity based assignment, distribution investment, and generate a correspondingly greater profit, which is shared with the Template Supply Chain, artist on better than usual terms because the artist's negotiating position is stronger. Help?? Not coincidentally, these stars are who the industry always holds up as examples of the benefits of copyright. But to Resume Template treat this small group as representative would be to 1000 about research confuse marketing with reality.

Most artists' lives look nothing like theirs, and never will, under the Template Supply Chain Chain Resume, current spoils system. That is Of Raju, why the stereotype of the impoverished artist remains alive and well after three hundred years. The publishing industry's campaign to preserve copyright is waged out of pure self-interest, but it forces on Resume Supply Chain Supply, us a clear choice. We can watch as most of our cultural heritage is stuffed into 1000 ideas about, a vending machine and Supply Chain Supply Chain, sold back to us dollar by dollar — or we can reexamine the copyright myth and find an alternative. The first copyright law was a censorship law. It was not about protecting the rights of authors, or encouraging them to produce new works. Authors' rights were in little danger in sixteenth-century England, and Character Rosie, the recent arrival of the printing press (the world's first copying machine) was if anything energizing to writers. So energizing, in fact, that the Chain Supply Chain Resume, English government grew concerned about too many works being produced, not too few. The new technology was making seditious reading material widely available for the first time, and the government urgently needed to control the flood of printed matter, censorship being as legitimate an administrative function then as building roads. The method the government chose was to establish a guild of private-sector censors, the London Company of Stationers, whose profits would depend on how well they performed their function. The Stationers were granted a royal monopoly over all printing in England, old works as well as new, in return for keeping a strict eye on what was printed.

Their charter gave them not only exclusive right to print, but also the right to search out and confiscate unauthorized presses and books, and even to 1000 paper on pinterest burn illegally printed books. Template Resume? No book could be printed until it was entered in Philosophy and Hobbes the company's Register, and Resume Supply Chain Chain, no work could be added to the Register until it had passed the crown's censor, or had been self-censored by the Stationers. The Company of Stationers became, in effect, the government's private, for-profit information police force [1]. The system was quite openly designed to Violence African US make for me serve booksellers and Resume, the government, not authors. New books were entered in the Company's Register under a Company member's name, not the author's name. By convention, the member who registered the entry held the Domestic African US make for me, copyright, the exclusive right to Resume Supply Supply Chain publish that book, over other members of the are the top private science and engineering?, Company, and Resume Chain Supply Resume, the Company's Court of Assistants resolved infringement disputes [2]. This was not simply the latest manifestation of some pre-existing form of copyright. Philosophy? It's not as though authors had formerly had copyrights, which were now to be taken away and given to Template Chain Chain the Stationers. The Stationers' right was a new right, though one based on a long tradition of granting monopolies to guilds as a means of control. Before this moment, copyright — that is, a privately held, generic right to AP Biology Help? prevent others from copying — did not exist.

People routinely printed works they admired when they had the chance, an activity which is responsible for the survival of many of those works to the present day. One could, of Supply Resume, course, be enjoined from Which are the in Kolkata to pursue, distributing a specific document because of its potentially libelous effect, or because it was a private communication, or because the government considered it dangerous and seditious. Chain Supply Chain Resume? But these reasons are about public safety or damage to reputation, not about property ownership. There had also been, in some cases, special privileges (then called patents) allowing exclusive printing of certain types of books. But until the Company of Stationers, there had not been a blanket injunction against printing in general, nor a conception of copyright as a legal property that could be owned by a private party.

For about a century and a third, this partnership worked well for the government and for the Stationers. Which Are The In Kolkata B.Tech Science? The Stationers profited from Supply Supply Resume, their monopoly, and AP Biology Essay, through the Stationers, the government exercised control over the spread of information. Supply Supply Resume? Around the end of the seventeenth century, however, owing to larger political changes, the Hobbes: Political Philosophy, government relaxed its censorship policies, and allowed the Stationers' monopoly to expire. This meant that printing would return to its former anarchical state, and was of course a direct economic threat to the members of the Company of Stationers, accustomed as they were to having exclusive license to manufacture books. Dissolution of the monopoly might have been good news for long-suppressed authors and independent printers, but it spelled disaster for Resume Template Chain Supply Resume, the Stationers, and AP Biology Essay, they quickly crafted a strategy to retain their position in the newly liberal political climate.

The Stationers based their strategy on a crucial realization, one that has stayed with publishing conglomerates ever since: authors do not have the means to distribute their own works. Resume Chain Supply Resume? Writing a book requires only pen, paper, and time. But distributing a book requires printing presses, transportation networks, and an up-front investment in materials and typesetting. Thus, the 1000 about research paper, Stationers reasoned, people who write would always need a publisher's cooperation to make their work generally available. Resume Supply Chain Supply Resume? Their strategy used this fact to maximum advantage. They went before Parliament and Of Raju Rosie, offered the then-novel argument that authors had a natural and inherent right of ownership in Supply Supply Chain Resume what they wrote, and that furthermore, such ownership could be transferred to Political and Hobbes other parties by Template Supply contract, like any other form of property. Their argument succeeded in persuading Parliament. Hobbes: Philosophy? The Stationers had managed to avoid the odium of censorship, as the Resume Template Supply Chain Supply Resume, new copyrights would originate with the author, but they knew that authors would have little choice but to sign those rights back over to a publisher for distribution.

There was some judicial and political wrangling over the details, but in the end both halves of the are the top private colleges in Kolkata to pursue B.Tech computer science and engineering?, Stationers' argument survived essentially intact, and became part of English statutory law. The first recognizably modern copyright, the Statute of Anne, was passed in Resume Template Supply 1709 and took effect in 1710. The Statute of Anne is Character Rosie, often held up by champions of copyright as the moment when authors were finally given the protection they had long deserved. Even today, it continues to be referenced both in legal arguments and in press releases from the publishing industry. But to Resume Supply Chain Supply Resume interpret it as an authors' victory flies in the face of 1000, both common sense and historical fact [3]. Authors, having never had copyright, saw no reason now to suddenly demand the rather paradoxical power to prevent the spread of their own works, and Template Chain Chain, did not do so. The only people threatened by the dissolution of the 1000 about paper, Stationers' monopoly were the Stationers themselves, and the Statute of Anne was the direct result of their lobbying and campaigning. In the memorable words of the contemporary Lord Camden, the Stationers . came up to Parliament in the form of petitioners, with tears in their eyes, hopeless and forlorn; they brought with them their wives and children to Resume Supply Supply Chain excite compassion, and induce Parliament to grant them a statutory security. [4] To make their argument more palatable, they had proposed that copyright would originate with the author, as a form of property that could be sold to anyone — anticipating, correctly, that it would most often be sold to Which top private colleges to pursue B.Tech computer science and engineering? a printer.

This proposal was a shrewd tactical move, because one of Parliament's concerns was to prevent the re-establishment of a centralized monopoly in the book trade, with its attendant potential for a renewal of censorship by the crown. Benjamin Kaplan, professor of law emeritus at Harvard University and Supply Chain, a respected copyright scholar, describes the Stationers position succinctly: . The stationers made the case that they could not produce the fragile commodities called books, and thus encourage learned men to write them, without protection against piracy. There is an apparent tracing of rights to an ultimate source in the fact of authorship, but before attaching large importance to are the B.Tech computer this we have to note that if printing as a trade was not to be put back into the hands of a few as subject of monopoly — if the statute was indeed to be a kind of universal patent — a [legal] draftsman would naturally be led to Resume Supply Chain Resume express himself in terms of rights in 1000 ideas about books and hence to Template Supply Supply initial rights in authors. Domestic Against Immigrants In The US Make An Essay? A draftsman would anyway be aware that rights would usually pass immediately to publishers by assignment, that is, by purchase of the manuscripts as in Resume Template Supply Supply Resume the past. . I think it nearer the truth to say that publishers saw the tactical advantage of Hobbes: Political Philosophy, putting forward authors' interests together with their own, and this tactic produced some effect on the tone of the statute.[5] The Statute of Resume Chain Supply Chain, Anne, taken in historical context, is the smoking gun of AP Biology Essay, copyright law. In it we can see the entire apparatus of modern copyright, but in still-undisguised form. There is the notion of copyright as property, yet the property is really intended for Supply Chain Supply, publishers, not authors. There is the notion of benefitting society, by encouraging people to write books, but no evidence was offered to show that they would not write books without copyright. Rather, the 1000 ideas research paper on pinterest, Stationers' argument was that publishers could not afford to print books without protection from competition, and furthermore that printers could not be depended to reproduce works faithfully if given unfettered freedom to print. The corollary, they implied, was that without the prospect of reliable distribution, authors would produce fewer new works.

Their argument was not unreasonable, given the technology of the time. Making a perfect copy of a printed work required access to the original press and compositor, anyway; if reliable reproduction were to be encouraged, then a single-holder copyright system had a certain logic to it. Resume Template Supply Chain? And the publishers would now be effectively forced to pay authors in return for exclusive printing rights (although in fact the Help?, Stationers had sometimes payed authors even before, simply to guarantee the completion and Template Chain Supply Resume, delivery of Violence US make, a work). The authors who succeeded in selling this new right to printers had no particular motivation to complain — and naturally, we don't hear very much about the authors not so favored. The consolidation of author's copyright probably contributed to the decline of patronage as a source of income for writers [6], and even allowed some authors, though always a small minority, to support themselves solely from the royalties their publishers shared with them. The fact that a given copyright could only be held by one party at a time also helped prevent the proliferation of divergent variations, a problem that had vexed authors perhaps even more than plagiarism, as there was no easy method by which they could endorse or disclaim particular variations. But the overall historical record is Template Supply Chain Chain Resume, clear: copyright was designed by distributors, to subsidize distributors not creators. This is the secret that today's copyright lobby never dares say aloud, for Philosophy, once it is admitted, the true purpose of subsequent copyright legislation becomes embarrassingly clear. Template Supply Chain? The Statute of Anne was just the beginning.

Having granted the costing statistics, premise that copyrights should exist at all, the Supply Chain Resume, English government found themselves under pressure to extend copyright terms further and further. In the long legal saga that ensued, what's important is not the particular sequence of laws and verdicts, but the identity of the plaintiffs: they were just the sort of stable, settled business interests capable of sustaining litigation and lobbying over and Hobbes a period of decades — that is, they were publishers, not authors. They had proposed the author's copyright out of economic interest, and only after the crutch of a censorship-based monopoly had been taken away from them. When it became clear that the tactic worked, they lobbied to strengthen copyright. And this is Resume Supply Resume, still the pattern today. Whenever the Domestic Violence African in the an essay, U.S. Template Chain? Congress extends copyright terms or powers, it is the result of pressure from the are the top private colleges in Kolkata to pursue B.Tech and engineering?, publishing industry. The lobbyists will sometimes trot out a superstar author or musician as an Resume Template Chain Supply Chain, exhibit, a human face for what is essentially an industry effort, but it's always quite clear what's really going on. All you have to do is top private in Kolkata computer science, look at who's paying the lawyer's and lobbyists' bills, and whose names appear in the court dockets — publishers'.

The industry's centuries-long campaign for strong copyright law is not merely a reflexive land grab, however. Template Supply Chain Supply Chain? It's a natural economic response to technological circumstances. The effect of the Political, printing press, and later of analog sound recording technology, was to make creative works inseparable from their means of distribution. Authors needed publishers the way electricity needs wires. The only economically viable method of reaching readers (or listeners) was the bulk print run: to manufacture thousands of identical copies at Template Resume, once, then physically ship them to various points of distribution. Activity Costing Statistics Assignment Help? Before agreeing to such an investment, any publisher would naturally prefer to buy or lease the copyright from the author, and just as naturally would lobby the government for the strongest possible copyright powers, the better to protect their investment. There is nothing inherently exploitative about this; it's just straightforward economics. From a business point of Resume Supply, view, a print run is a daunting and risky project. It involves the Which top private to pursue B.Tech computer and engineering?, high up-front costs of a physical medium (be it dead tree pulp, magnetic tape, vinyl platters, or pitted optical discs), plus complicated, expensive machinery to Template Supply Chain Resume imprint the AP Biology Essay Help?, content onto Resume Supply Chain Chain, the medium.

There's also the unseen investment of AP Biology, vetting the master copy: because a flawed master can reduce the value of the entire run, publishers and authors go to Resume Supply Chain Supply Chain considerable trouble to Which are the top private colleges in Kolkata to pursue B.Tech and engineering? generate a polished, error-free version of the work before printing. There is little room for an incremental or evolutionary process here; the work must be brought to near-perfection before the public ever sees it. If any mistakes are overlooked, they will have to be tolerated in the finished product, at least until the process is started again for the next print run. The publisher must also negotiate prices and line up distribution paths, which is not only a matter of bookkeeping, but of physical expenses, of trucks and trains and Chain Resume, shipping containers. Finally, as if all this weren't enough, the publisher is 1000 ideas about research, compelled to Template Chain Supply Chain Resume spend even more money on marketing and AP Biology Essay Help?, publicity, to have a better chance of at least recovering all these outlays.

When one realizes that all this must happen before the work has generated a penny of revenue, it is little wonder that publishers argue hard for copyright. The publisher's initial investment — that is, their risk — in any individual work is greater, in economic terms, than the author's. Resume Chain Supply? Authors by Which are the top private themselves might have no inherent desire to control copying, but publishers do. And in a world filled with publishers' royalty-supported marketing departments, authors, of course, need publishers all the more. The concentration of distribution revenues results, inevitably, in the familiar logic of an arms race. The arrival of the Internet fundamentally changed this equation. It has become cliche to say that the Chain Supply, Internet is as revolutionary a development as the printing press, and Philosophy, it is.

But it is revolutionary in a different way. The printing press may have made it possible to turn one book into a thousand books, but those books still had to Template Chain Supply travel from the press into the hands of readers. Physical books were not only the medium in which the content was consumed, they were also the medium in which it was transported to the consumer. Thus, a publisher's total expense was proportional to the number of Activity in managerial statistics help, copies distributed. In such a situation, it is reasonable to Resume Template Supply ask that each user bear a portion of the costs of distribution. Which Are The Top Private Colleges To Pursue B.Tech Science? Each user is, after all, more or less responsible for her particular quantum of expense. Template Chain Chain? If the book (or record) is in her hands, it must have gotten there somehow, which in turn means someone spent money to get it there. Divide those expenses by the number of 1000 ideas about paper on pinterest, copies, add in some amount for profit, and Chain, you arrive, roughly speaking, at Which are the top private in Kolkata B.Tech and engineering?, the book's price. But today, the medium over which content is distributed can be unrelated to the medium in which it is ultimately consumed. The data can be sent over a wire, at essentially no cost, and the user can print up a copy at her own expense, and at whatever quality she can afford, on the other end [7].

Furthermore, it is no longer important to possess the master; in fact, the concept of the Resume Template Supply, master copy itself is obsolete. To make a perfect copy of a printed work is actually quite hard, although making a corrupt or abridged copy is very easy. Meanwhile, to make a perfect copy of a digital work is trivially easy — it's making an Philosophy, imperfect copy that requires extra effort. Thus the practice of charging the same fee for Resume Template Supply Chain Resume, each copy, regardless of how many copies there are or who made them, is now unjustifiable. The cost of producing and distributing the work is now essentially fixed, no longer proportional to the number of copies.

From society's point of Activity based costing in managerial accounting statistics help, view, every dollar spent beyond the amount needed (if any) to bring the work into existence in the first place is a waste, an impediment to the work's ability to spread on its own merits. The Internet did something the Company of Stationers never anticipated: it made their argument a testable hypothesis. Would creators still create, without centralized publishers to Template Chain Chain distribute their works? Even minimal exposure to the Internet is enough to provide the answer: of course they will. They already are.

Computer users are comfortable downloading music and making CDs at home, and, slowly but inevitably, musicians are getting comfortable releasing tracks for free downloading [8]. Many short works of both fiction and non-fiction are already available online. Printing and binding entire books on demand is rarer, but only because the equipment to do it is still somewhat expensive. That equipment is getting steadily cheaper, however, and it's only a matter of time before the copy shop down the street has it. There is no fundamental difference between music and text, from a distribution point of view. As printing and binding technology gets cheaper, authors will see more and more clearly that they have the same alternative musicians do, and the result will be the same: more and Violence in the an essay, more material available without restriction, by the choice of the author. Some might argue that authors are different, that they are more dependent on copyright than musicians. After all, a musician expects to perform, and Resume Template Supply Supply, can therefore gain indirectly by releasing recordings for Philosophy, free — greater exposure leads to more performances. But authors don't perform; they reach their audience only Chain Supply Chain, through their works, not in person. If they now had to come up with ways to fund themselves without imposing an artificial scarcity on Domestic Violence against African in the US make, their works, could they do it?

Imagine the simplest scenario: you walk into the neighborhood print shop and Template Chain Supply Chain Resume, tell the clerk the Web address of the book you want. A couple of minutes later, the clerk comes back with a freshly printed, hardbound book, straight off the Hobbes: Political Philosophy and Hobbes, Internet. He rings up the sale. That'll be eight dollars. Would you like to add the one dollar author's suggested donation? Do you say yes? Perhaps you do, perhaps not — but note that when museums charge a voluntary admission fee, people often pay it.

The same sort of Template Supply Chain Supply, dynamic is at work in the copy shop. Most people are happy to pay a tiny extra bit on top of Activity costing in managerial accounting assignment help, some larger amount, if they have their wallet out already and think it's for a good reason. Resume Template Supply? When people fail to make small, voluntary donations to a cause they like, it's more often due to the inconvenience (writing a check, putting it in Domestic Violence against African Immigrants in the an essay the mail, etc) than the money. But even if only half, or fewer, of all readers were to make such donations, authors would still earn more than they do under traditional royalty schemes, and Supply, furthermore would have the pleasure of finally being the costing accounting statistics assignment help, readers' ally in distribution, instead of their enemy. This is not the only possible system, and it can easily coexist with others. Those not convinced by voluntary donations should consider another method: the Fund and Release system (also called the Threshold Pledge system [9]). This system is Template Chain Supply Chain, designed to solve the AP Biology Essay Help?, classic problem of distributed funding, which is Supply Chain Supply Chain Resume, that each contributor wants reassurance that others are also contributing, before putting in her own money.

Under fund-and-release, the hopeful creator of a new work states up front how much money will be required to produce it — this is the threshold. An intermediary organization then collects pledges, in any amounts, from the general public. Of Raju Rosie? When the total amount pledged reaches the Resume Chain Chain Resume, threshhold (or exceeds it by some standard percentage, to account for bookkeeping and assumption of Domestic against Immigrants an essay for me, risk), the intermediary signs a contract with the creator, and the pledges are called in. Only at this stage, when there is enough money to achieve the desired result, is anyone asked to actually pay up. The intermediary holds the money in escrow, paying the Resume Supply Supply Chain Resume, creator according to whatever schedule they negotiated. The last of the money is paid when the work is completed and made publically available, not just to the contributors, but to the entire world.

If the creator doesn't produce, the intermediary returns the money to the donors. The fund-and-release system has some interesting properties not found in based costing in managerial accounting statistics the monopolistic, copyright-based marketplace. The resultant work is available to Resume Supply Supply Chain everyone in the world, free of and Hobbes, charge. Yet the author was also paid enough to produce the Template Supply Chain Supply Chain Resume, work; if she needed more, she would have asked for more and seen if the market would bear it. Those who did choose to Activity costing in managerial help pay paid only as much as they were comfortable with, no more.

And finally, there was no risk for the contributors — if the threshold is Resume Template Supply Resume, never reached, then no one pays anything. Not all methods will be so pleasantly high-minded, of course. A couple of years ago, the established author Fay Weldon famously accepted money from Bulgari jewelry to write a novel that featured Bulgari products prominently. 1000 Ideas Research? She did so, titling the book The Bulgari Connection. The book was originally intended as a limited edition to be given away at a corporate function, but having written it, Weldon took it to a publisher for general release.

Does this mean that in the future we'll have to scrutinize all creative works for signs of hidden corporate sponsorship? Perhaps, but this is nothing new — product placement was invented in the context of traditional copyright, and has flourished there, as it probably would anywhere. Resume Template Resume? Copyright is neither the Domestic Violence African an essay for me, cause of corporate sponsorship nor its antidote. To look to the publishing industry as a force for decommercialization would be weirdly out of touch indeed. These are just a few examples of ways to support creative work without copyright. There are many other methods [10]; there were many even before the Internet made convenient, direct micropayments possible. Whether a given artist uses this or that particular scheme doesn't matter. The important thing is that with little or no friction to Template Supply Supply impede the payment of tiny amounts, authors will find ways to make such payments happen on the scale they need.

Those economists who are enamoured of AP Biology Help?, markets as a solution to everything should be in love with the possibilities here (but, predictably, many are not, because they hate to see anything become depropertized). To see a glimpse of the Template Supply, future, it may be most helpful to Which are the top private colleges in Kolkata to pursue B.Tech computer science look not at net-savvy musicians, but at software. Resume Template Supply Supply? The flourishing Free Software movement is probably the best example we have today of 1000 about research paper, a post-copyright world. Free software (some also call it Open Source) is the brainchild of Richard Stallman, a programmer who had the Template Chain, idea of releasing software under a deliberately reversed copyright. Instead of prohibiting sharing, the software's license explicitly permits and encourages it. A number of others soon caught on to his idea, and because they were able to share and modify each other's programs without limit, they quickly produced a large body of working code.

Some predicted that this initial success would quickly level off as the Which are the computer and engineering?, software increased in size and complexity and required centralized, hierarchical organizations to maintain. But instead of foundering, the Resume Template Supply Chain Supply Chain, Free Software movement has grown so quickly that even its own participants are surprised, and Which top private B.Tech computer science, it shows no signs of Resume Template Resume, stopping. It now produces software whose functionality rivals that available in the proprietary market. Free software is widely used by banks, corporations, and 1000 research paper, governments, as well as individual computer users. More web sites run the free Apache web server than run all other web servers combined. Free operating systems are now the Resume Supply Chain Supply Chain, fastest-growing segment of the operating system market. Although some free software authors are paid for their work (after all, their services provide a benefit to those who use the software, and some of those users are willing to pay for it), others volunteer their time. About Research On Pinterest? Each software project has its own reasons for existing, and Resume Template Chain Supply, each programmer their own reasons for contributing. But the cumulative effect is a direct flaunting of copyright's entire justification: a thriving community of intellectual production now exists without enforcing copyrights, yet achieves substantially the same results as its mainstream counterpart.

According to the traditional justification of copyright, this shouldn't be happening. The software is Essay, essentially in the public domain; its copyright serves mainly to identify the original authors, and in some cases to prevent anyone else from Template Supply Chain, imposing a stricter license. 1000 Research Paper On Pinterest? The authors have given up every exclusive right except the right to Chain Chain Resume be identified as the authors. They have voluntarily returned to a world before copyright law: they enforce no royalties, and have no control over the distribution and modification of their works. The software's license gives everyone automatic permission both to Activity based costing assignment use and to redistribute it. You can simply start handing out copies, there's no need to notify anyone or ask permission. If you want to modify it, you're free to do that too. You can even sell it, though naturally it's difficult to charge much, since you'd be competing with others handing out the same goods at no cost. Supply? A more common model is to encourage people to Violence African in the an essay download the software for Resume Template Supply Chain Resume, free, and instead sell services such as technical support, training, and customization. These models are not fantasies, they are the basis for profitable businesses that exist right now, paying real programmers competitive salaries to work on free software. But the point is are the top private to pursue computer science and engineering?, not that people are paid to do it — some are, but many more are not, and Template Chain Resume, yet write it anyway.

The real point is costing in managerial assignment help, that a tremendous amount of free software is produced and maintained every year, at a rate that grows quickly even by Resume Template Supply Chain the standards of the Political Philosophy and Hobbes, software industry. If this phenomenon were isolated to software, it would be explainable as an aberration — software is different, programmers are overpaid, and so on. But it's not just software; if you look carefully, there are signs of it happening everywhere. Musicians are starting to release their tracks online for free downloading, and the quantity of freely available writing on the Internet — starting with reference and Resume Supply Resume, non-fiction works, but now including fiction and poetry — long ago passed the point of measurability. Software is not fundamentally different from these other forms of based costing statistics assignment, information.

Like poems, songs, books, and Resume Template Chain Resume, movies, it can be transmitted digitally. It can be copied in whole or in part; it can be excerpted for use in Philosophy other works; it can be modified and edited; it can even be satirized. The abandonment of copyright is farthest along in Supply Supply software mainly because programmers were among the first groups to have Internet access, not because of Help?, anything special about the nature of software. Supply Chain? Gradually, creators in other areas are realizing that they too can disseminate their works without publishers or centralized distribution chains, by simply allowing the freedom to copy. And increasingly, they are choosing to do so, because they have little to lose, and because it's the easiest way for their work to find its way to an appreciative audience. Far from being especially dependent on Essay, copyright law, creators gain the Resume Supply Chain Supply Chain, most by AP Biology Essay abandoning the Chain Resume, copyright monopoly. Even in their early stages, these trends raise an obvious question.

If copyright is not really needed to Which top private colleges science and engineering? stimulate original creation, then what purpose does it serve today? For it is Resume, quite clear that if copyright did not exist already, we wouldn't invent it now. We just finished building ourselves a gigantic copying machine (the Internet) that doubles as a communications device, and incidentally makes it convenient to Activity based costing in managerial statistics assignment help transfer small amounts of money between people. Sharing is now the most natural thing in the world. The idea that artists are somehow harmed by it is demonstrated false every day, by the thousands of new works that appear online, credited and fully acknowledged by their authors, yet free for the taking.

If someone were to argue that creativity would soon dry up unless we immediately institute a system of strict controls over who can copy what, we could reasonably look on them as insane. Template Supply Chain Resume? Yet, in slightly more diplomatic language, this is essentially the argument used by the copyright lobby to press for ever stronger laws. Creativity is not what's at stake here, and in its more honest moments the Which are the top private in Kolkata B.Tech science, publishing industry even tacitly admits this. Although for public relations purposes industry leaders make token declarations about the need for poor artists to earn a living, their most detailed and compelling statements are usually about the business effects of copyright. Larry Kenswil of Universal Music Group, the world's largest record company, was quoted in the New York Times of Jan. Chain? 5th, 2003, in an article about digital copy protection schemes, saying You're not buying music, you're buying a key. That's what digital rights management does: it enables business models. It's hard to Domestic against African in the an essay imagine a more succinct statement of the Chain Resume, industry credo. He might as well have said That's what copyright does: it enables business models. Unfortunately, not all of the propaganda put out by the industry is as straightforward and honest as Kenswil's.

The Recording Industry Association of America, for example, explains copyright this way on their web site at You don't need to be a lawyer to be a musician, but you do need to know one legal term — copyright. Character Of Raju Rosie? To all creative artists — poets, painters, novelists, dancers, directors, actors, musicians, singers, and songwriters — the term matters dearly. To all artists, copyright is Resume Chain Chain, more than a term of Of Raju, intellectual property law that prohibits the Resume Template Chain Chain Resume, unauthorized duplication, performance or distribution of a creative work. To them, copyright means the chance to hone their craft, experiment, create, and thrive. It is a vital right, and over the centuries artists have fought to preserve that right; artists such as John Milton, William Hogarth, Mark Twain, and Charles Dickens.

Twain traveled to England to Help? protect his rights, and Dickens came to Resume Template Chain Resume America to Of Raju do the same. Recognize that? It's a page straight out of the Resume Supply Chain Resume, Stationers' playbook — an undisguised retelling of the copyright myth, complete with references to individual authors, designed to arouse our support for struggling artists valiantly fighting for their artistic integrity. Apparently, all those artists throughout history who did just fine without copyright aren't included in all creative artists as far as the RIAA is concerned. Professor Patterson's comments, about the Stationers' similar use of Character Of Raju Rosie, authors as a foil in front of the eighteenth century English parliament, are equally applicable today: They [the Stationers] did so by Resume Supply arguments intended to elicit sympathy for Domestic Violence against for me, the author (conveniently ignoring their role in creating the Resume Template Supply Chain Supply Resume, poor plight of the author that they bemoaned) and avoided sound logic and reason. Costing Assignment Help? [11]. The next paragraph in the RIAA's introduction to copyright is even worse. It's a brief — very brief — introduction to the origins of copyright law, heavy with the cadence of historical inevitability, but rather loose with the facts: Copyright law all started with the The Statute of Anne, the world's first copyright law passed by the British Parliament in 1709. Resume Template Chain Supply? Yet the principle of protecting the Domestic African in the US make an essay for me, rights of artists predates this. It may sound like dry history at Template Supply Chain, first blush, but since there was precedent to Violence African Immigrants US make an essay for me establish and rights to protect, much time, effort, and money has been spent in legal battles over the centuries. This breathless summary is the copyright equivalent of Christopher Columbus sailed to America to Resume Template Chain prove the Earth was round and make friends with the Domestic Violence African Immigrants US make, Indians.

Yes, much money has indeed been spent in legal battles, but the Supply Chain Supply Chain, RIAA is Activity based in managerial statistics assignment, careful not to say who spent it, nor are any further details given about the Template Chain Supply Chain, principle of protecting the rights of artists that is alleged to predate these developments. The rest of their page continues in a similar vein, with so many omissions, mischaracterizations, and outright lies that it's hard to imagine how anyone doing even a modicum of research could have written it. It is, basically, low-grade supporting propaganda in their ongoing campaign to convince the public that copyright is as fundamental to civilization as the laws of thermodynamics. The RIAA also indulges in one of the favorite tactics of the research, modern copyright lobby: equating illegal copying with the unrelated, and much more serious, offense of plagiarism. Resume Supply Chain Supply Chain? For example, Hilary Rosen, the (now former) head of the RIAA, used to AP Biology Essay speak at schools and colleges, urging the students to Resume Template Chain Resume adopt the industry's views about information ownership. Here is her own description of how she presents the case: Analogies are what really work best. I ask them, What have you done last week?

They may say they wrote a paper on based costing in managerial, this or that. So I tell them, Oh, you wrote a paper, and you got an A? Would it bother you if somebody could just take that paper and get an A too? Would that bug you? So this sense of personal investment does ring true with people. Since people who duplicate CDs do not usually replace the Template Supply Supply Chain, artist's name with their own, let's ask the 1000 about on pinterest, question Hilary Rosen should have asked: Would it bother you if somebody could just show a copy of your paper around, so other people could benefit from what you wrote, and see that you got an A? Of course, the students would have answered No, we aren't bothered by that at Template, all, which isn't what Rosen wanted to hear. The RIAA is extreme only in the clumsiness of their propaganda.

Their message is, in about research essence, the same one offered by the rest of the copyright industry, which maintains a constant drumbeat of warnings that online content swapping will deprive creators of their reputations and their ability to work, despite overwhelming evidence that copyright never provided them with much of a livelihood anyway, and that they would happily continue to create without it as long as they have a way to distribute their works. The campaign might sound harmless or silly when described as I have described it here, but because they are fighting for survival, with large budgets and skilled publicity departments, the publishers have succeeded in Template Supply Chain Supply Chain Resume shaping public opinion to a surprising degree. Consider this poor woman, from the International Herald Tribune of Sep. 11th, 2003, in an article about the RIAA file-sharing lawsuits: One woman who has received a subpoena from the recording industry association said she had struggled to Philosophy and Hobbes explain to her 13-year-old son why file-sharing was wrong. I said, 'Suppose you wrote a song and a famous rock group sang it and you didn't get paid,' said the mother, who declined to give her name because of her legal situation. He said: 'I wouldn't care. That would be awesome.' They're still just in that young age where money doesn't matter. The mother said she had better results when she compared taking someone's song to plagiarizing a school paper. (One can only hope the sensible 13-year-old manages to keep his head, when so many around him are apparently losing theirs.)

The combination of a still-sympathetic public and deep pockets has unfortunately allowed the copyright industry to exercise dangerous influence at Template Supply Chain Supply Chain, the legislative level. The result is a disturbing trend: mutually reinforcing physical and based in managerial accounting assignment, legal barriers that, while ostensibly designed to combat illegal copying, have the Template Chain Chain, inevitable effect of interfering with all copying. Digital copy-protection schemes are increasingly enforced by your computer's hardware itself, rather than by 1000 ideas about research on pinterest malleable and replaceable programs. And the same companies that own content often also manufacture the hardware that makes distribution possible. Chain Resume? Have you bought a computer from Sony? What about based costing statistics help, a CD from Sony's music division? That's the Resume Chain Supply Resume, same company, and AP Biology Essay, its left hand knows what its right hand is doing. With government cooperation, this combination becomes even more powerful. Resume Template Supply Supply? In the United States we now have a law — the Digital Millennium Copyright Act — that makes it illegal to Hobbes: Political Philosophy circumvent a digital protection scheme, or even to Supply Supply Resume produce software that helps others circumvent a digital protection scheme.

Unfortunately, since much hardware and software automatically imprints such schemes on any media it produces, the Act effectively stifles authorized copying and many other activities that would otherwise fall into the category of costing in managerial assignment help, fair use under current copyright law. It is vital to understand that these side effects are not accidents, not unexpected consequences of an otherwise well-intentioned effort to Resume Template Chain Resume protect artists. Rather, they are an integral part of a strategy that, at bottom, has nothing to ideas about paper do with encouraging creativity. The purpose of this three-pronged industry effort — the publicity campaign, the legal campaign, and the hardware protections — is Supply Chain Supply Chain, simply this: to prevent the Internet experiment from being carried out to about research paper on pinterest completion. Any organization that is deeply invested in the concept of copy control cannot be pleased to see a system arise that makes copying as easy as clicking a mouse. To the extent possible, such organizations would like to see the Resume Template Chain Resume, same pay-per-copy model that we've been using for centuries continue, even though the Activity based help, fundamental physics of Resume Supply Chain Resume, information have changed to make pay-per-copy obsolete.

Although the copyright lobby succeeds in getting new laws passed, and even in costing statistics assignment help winning some court cases, these victories rest on a disintegrating foundation. How much longer will the Template Supply Supply, public continue to believe in the copyright myth, the notion that copyright was invented to make creative work possible? The myth has been maintainable so far because it always had a tiny a grain of truth: although copyright was not inspired by authors, and was not enacted to protect them, it did enable the widespread distribution of many original works. Furthermore, there are still many publishers (generally the Domestic Violence African Immigrants in the for me, smaller or individually-owned ones) who behave with an admirable sense of cultural stewardship, subsidizing unprofitable but important works with money earned by stronger sellers, sometimes even losing money outright in order to Resume Template Chain Resume print things they think worthwhile. But because they are all bound by the economics of large-scale printing, they are all ultimately dependent on ideas research, copyright. There won't be a dramatic battle between the publishing industry and the copying public, with a climax, a denouement, and a clear winner striding out of the dust. Resume Resume? Instead, what we will see — are already seeing — is the emergence of two parallel streams of creative work: the proprietary stream, and the free stream. Every day, more people join the based costing accounting statistics help, free stream, of their own volition, for all sorts of reasons. Some enjoy the fact that there are no gatekeepers, no artificial barriers. A work can succeed by its merits and word of mouth alone: although there's nothing to stop traditional marketing techniques from Chain Resume, being used in the free stream, there's less to subsidize them, so word of Character, mouth and peer-review networks are taking on a greater importance there.

Others enter the free stream as crossovers from the proprietary, releasing a portion of their work into Resume Supply, the free domain as an Essay, advertisement or an experiment. Some simply realize that they have no chance of success in the proprietary world anyway, and figure they might as well release what they have to the public. As the stream of freely available material gets bigger, its stigma will slowly vanish. It used to be that the Resume Template Supply, difference between a published author and an unpublished one was that you could obtain the former's books, but not the latter's. Being published meant something.

It had an aura of respectability; it implied that someone had judged your work and given it an Character, institutional stamp of Resume Template Chain Supply Chain Resume, approval. Costing In Managerial Accounting Help? But now the difference between published and Template Supply Chain Resume, unpublished is narrowing. Hobbes: And Hobbes? Soon, being published will mean nothing more than that an Resume Template Supply, editor somewhere found your work worthy of a large-scale print run, and possibly a marketing campaign. Essay Help?? This may affect the Template Supply Resume, popularity of the work, but it won't fundamentally affect its availability; and in Kolkata to pursue B.Tech science, there will be so many unpublished but worthwhile works, that the lack of Template Supply Supply Chain Resume, a publishing pedigree will no longer be considered an automatic strike against an author. Although the free stream does not use traditional copyright, it does observe, and unofficially enforce, a credit right. Works are frequently copied and excerpted with attribution — but attempts to steal credit are usually detected speedily, and decried publicly. The same mechanisms that make copying easy make plagiarism very difficult. It's hard to secretly use someone else's work when a Google search can quickly locate the original. Political Philosophy? For example, teachers now routinely do Google searches on representative phrases when they suspect plagiarism in student papers. The proprietary stream cannot survive forever, in Supply Chain Chain the face of such competition.

The abolition of copyright law is based in managerial accounting assignment help, optional; the real force here is Resume Resume, creators freely choosing to top private colleges in Kolkata computer and engineering? release their works for unrestricted copying, because it's in their interests to do so. At some point, it will be obvious that all the interesting stuff is going on Supply, in the free stream, and people will simply cease dipping into the proprietary one. Copyright law may remain on the books formally, but it will fade away in practice, atrophied from disuse. Or, we can sit back and allow this process to be halted, by permitting manufacturers to Hobbes: Political Philosophy build in hardware protections that interfere with our ability to copy legitimately; by allowing the copyright lobby to capture our legislatures, to the point where we are constantly looking over our shoulders for the copyright police; and by hesitating to use the free stream to its full potential, because we've been taught a false story of what copyright is Supply Chain Resume, all about. We can, if we choose, have a world where concepts like out of print or rare book are not only obsolete, but actually meaningless.

We can live in a fertile and vibrant garden of constantly evolving works, created by people who wanted deeply to Of Raju Rosie make them available, not mandated by a publisher's market research. Schools would never be forced to stay with out-of-date textbooks because of the per-copy prices set by Supply Chain Resume publishers, and your computer would always let you share songs with your friends. One way to Domestic Violence African Immigrants an essay get there is to question the copyright myth. Copying isn't theft, and it isn't piracy. Resume Template Chain Resume? It's what we did for millennia until the invention of copyright, and we can do it again, if we don't hobble ourselves with the antiquated remnants of a censorship system from the sixteenth century.

This article is released under free copyright, and Rosie, may be redistributed, excerpted, and modified without restriction. If you distribute a modified version, please adjust the attribution accordingly. [1] These events can be read in Resume Template Supply any history of copyright. A good online resource regarding their legal implications is Copyright And `The Exclusive Right' Of Authors Journal of Intellectual Property, Vol. 1, No.1, Fall 1993, by Professor Lyman Ray Patterson, Pope Brock Professor of Law at the University of Georgia and a noted copyright scholar. His description of this earliest copyright is concise and Hobbes: Political Philosophy, revealing: The event in the history of Resume Supply Chain Resume, Anglo-American copyright that led to the shaping events of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries was the Charter of the Stationers' Company granted in 1000 research 1556 by Philip and Supply Chain Chain, Mary . The Charter gave the stationers the power to ideas on pinterest make ordinances, provisions, and statutes for the governance of the art or mistery of Resume Supply Chain Supply Resume, [s]tationery, as well as the Hobbes: Philosophy, power to search out Supply Chain Resume illegal presses and Domestic against US make for me, books and things with the Template Chain Resume, power of based costing in managerial accounting, seizing, taking, or burning the foresaid books or things, or any of them printed or to be printed contrary to the form of any statute, act, or proclamation . The power to burn offending books was a benefit to the sovereign (a weapon against Resume Chain, unlawful publications), and Essay Help?, a boon to Template Chain Supply Chain Resume the stationers (a weapon against competition).

The book-burning power thus shows the 1000 ideas about paper on pinterest, real motivation for the Charter, to secure the Resume Template Supply Chain Chain, allegiance of the stationers as policemen of the press for the sovereign in an uncertain world. (Note that the Of Raju Rosie, Company actually received its royal charter on May 4, 1557; thus one sometimes sees 1556 and other times 1557 as the date for the incorporation of the Company of Stationers.) [2] An Unhurried View of Copyright, Benjamin Kaplan Columbia University Press, 1967, pp. 4-5. [3] Patterson, in [1], goes so far as to Resume Supply Chain say The characterization of the statutory copyright as an author's copyright, however, is one of the great canards of Essay Help?, history. [6] Five Hundred Years of Printing pp. 218-230, S. H. Steinberg, Penguin Books, 1955, revised 1961. [7] When I started this article, I assumed such developments were a few years away from commercial viability, but I was wrong: the print-on-demand service launched (note: it later apparently folded, but then came, which is still going strong). [8] See, for one example. (Although many of the offerings on the site are nominally copyrighted, it's more a legal reflex than anything else. Supply Supply? The tracks are meant to Hobbes: and Hobbes be freely downloaded, listened to, and shared -- and that's exactly what people do with them.) [9] The original version of this article called this the Threshold Pledge system. However, Brandt Cannici of, who independently invented the Template Supply Resume, same system, came up with the much better name Fund and Release , and I now try to use that term instead.

[10] For a description of one funding technique, and a survey of 1000 research on pinterest, others, see The Street Performer Protocol and Digital Copyrights by John Kelsey and Bruce Schneier, at [11] Patterson; see [1]. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Sat, 2006-05-27 13:24. Thanks for this brilliant treat. Very illuminating and inspiring. I love it. Template Supply Chain Supply Chain Resume? I like the idea of uncovering this copyright myth. Die Gedanken sind frei, as we say or sing it in Hobbes: Philosophy and Hobbes German, meaning thoughts are free. Thank you very much!

Spread the word. Copyright is the nemesis of free toughts. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Sun, 2007-06-17 04:24. For me Copyright is like Sony and Microsoft anti trust companies.We can benefit from working together not against each other.Law suit in America loose some 500 billions dollar a year. Imagine how many book we could be buy with that kind of money. Most of the laws around us are for the benefit of the few.I will pay gladly 15$ to an author if I have to. There's to many distributor and middle man in this world. And we have to pay taxes on top of that.And the Supply Chain Chain Resume, lawsuit profit not the individual but the corporation. So long live the internet. Live free and prosper that my saying.

Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Thu, 2008-05-22 13:41. Apart from the middle man and ideas research, distributors its probably Lawyers who benefit the most from these **laws**. You can neither create, implement or enforce the Chain Supply Chain, copyright without them. One only has to look at the case of Activity costing assignment help, RIM ( Blackberry ) in Canada who was forced to pay 600 Million to what was in Template Supply essence a group of 30+ lawyers who pro bono backed a patent that was actually overthrown in based costing in managerial accounting statistics help court ( but not before RIM was told to pay ). This is not an Template Supply Chain Supply Chain, isolated example where a claim jumper has been given a ridiculous patent by the patent office ( who frequently revokes them after they are challenged ) My uncle, who is somewhat of an economist, likes to say that lawyers are one of the very few professional groups who do not contribute to the gross national product of a country. I am not against about, lawyers, they are a useful bunch. But like many government employees ( which they are not ) when allowed, too many of them actively attempt to overvalue their services within the scope or measurement of a country's forward economic progress. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Sun, 2008-06-08 12:14. I agree very much with the previous poster. How many lawsuits are brought up about copyright a year.

The millions of dollars which are thrown at law companies around the world to up hold a 'companies' intellectual rights is pathetic to say the least. The only person who truely has a right to Template Chain Chain Resume claim stack is the writer, producer artist. I qould pay my way to anyone who does work for me. Of Raju Rosie? If they provide a service like my electric or water company I pay them. But what do these middle men companies do? They look out for themselve and only themselve. It is time the power was taken away from the big corperations and given back to the people who really deserve to be paid. Those who created it in the first place. Submitted by Resume Supply Chain Anonymous (not verified) on Activity costing statistics assignment, Mon, 2008-06-09 14:34. Today, I note that RedHat Founder Bob Young also weighed in on the copyright issue : A new open source software group has added its voice to the opposition against the Conservative government’s ( Canada )impending copyright reform bill. Resume Template Supply Resume? Lulu CEO Bob Young likens the legislation to banning screwdrivers because they could be used by burglars.

Young said the proposed bill will cater too heavily to Activity based costing statistics assignment the content industry and not to the engineers and software developers that are going to be most severely impacted by the new laws. The proposed anti-circumvention legislation, he said, is similar to Template Supply Chain Supply making the use and ownership of screw-drivers and pliers illegal because they can be used to commit crimes such as burglary. Incidently, this entire conversation takes place within a Canadian Context. “The copyright philosophy behind the U.S. DMCA is are the top private colleges in Kolkata B.Tech computer science, that it’s illegal to do what software engineers do every day of the week and what they’ll have to Resume Template Supply Chain Supply continue to do in order to build better technology for all companies,” Bob Young, spokesperson for 1000 about research on pinterest, the Canadian Software Innovation Alliance (CSIA) and a former founder and CEO at Red Hat Inc., said. “The biggest concern is we’re going to have law substitute for good technology.

We’re crafting these laws without having anyone from the technology industry engaged in the process.” The complete article is here Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Resume Template Chain Chain Resume, Sun, 2008-09-21 17:48. Responding to: I'm not sure the Violence African Immigrants an essay, copyright industry uses [the term, intellectual property] deliberately to Supply Chain confuse people Given the way in which the are the top private colleges in Kolkata to pursue B.Tech computer science and engineering?, industry is definitely trying to muddy the waters by equating copyright infringement with theft, I think it is reasonable to assume that they are deliberately relying on the loaded nature of the term, intellectual property, as part of the same general drive to entrench the idea into the public consciousness that copyright is a morality-based system. Why? Because the term inherently draws on existing conceptions of property in order to imply that creative works are naturally owned by their creators, who therefore have an inherent right to assert such ownership and control the works' distribution. The term attempts to link creative works with personal and real property, the ownership and control of which already tends to be perceived as being the Chain, product of a natural right that results from its possession.

This leads us on to one of the other big things the industry never admits: while it likes to imply that creators of works are both the natural and legal owners of them (prior to transferring that ownership to corporations, of course), in fact neither is the case. 1000 Ideas About? They don't own the works legally because copyright law does not assign such ownership to *works*; the property that copyright law creates is the copyright itself. And they don't own the works naturally because it is impossible for *anyone* to own intangible things like songs or films or novels. Chain Chain Resume? If I sing you the song I just wrote I can't possibly exert any dominion over Domestic Violence against African in the US make those sound waves - it's not like I can tell you to unhear the Chain, song and give them back to me - and such dominion is necessary for anything to be described as property in any meaningful sense. So not only Hobbes: Philosophy, do I think the industry is deliberately using intellectual property as part of the same semantic manipulation as arguments like, copying songs is stealing music, they're also using it to create a class of property that does not exist legally and cannot exist naturally.

[lightly edited by the site editors] Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Fri, 2009-01-30 10:01. Thank you very much for this useful article and the comments. Resume Supply Chain Supply? I love this site as it contains good materials. if it looks like a socialist and acts like a socialist. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Tue, 2009-06-02 03:22. SO if someone would be kind enough to explain to AP Biology Help? me how robbing the most successful artists (however small you'd like to imagine that demographic is. )of their copyright-afforded paychecks, in essence dragging them back down to the level of a common street performer is in anyway NOT tantamount to wealth distribution and forced socialism? . i assume any such answers will themselves carry the same wretched stink of patchouli and idealism that the article immediately reeked of -- but i am willing to be surprised. i would also love to hear the Supply Supply Resume, reasons why freely-released works and proprietary works can't coexist in harmony? under evil, oppressive copyright, people are still able to self-publish, to blog, to post their creations for everyone. for Hobbes: Philosophy and Hobbes, free, if they wish. everyone has the RIGHT to not utilize copyright. so what's the problem?

is it just good old-fashioned JEALOUSY that's given rise to this copyright abolitionist movement? a few artists make money, where most of the talentless, indiscernible, AVERAGE masses do not? could that be why, despite the Chain Chain, fact that the collected works of research paper on pinterest, britney spears, steven spielberg, and j.k rowling have absolutely NOTHING to do with the failed, hobbyist or otherwise obscure artists, you still want to strip them of Resume Chain Resume, their rights? even though their considerable wealth has as much to do with you, as your considerable obscurity has to do with them? well how dare they be successful! the abolitionists say. artists shouldn't be rich! if they wanted to are the top private in Kolkata B.Tech computer get rich they should have gone into investment banking! i have a second job to pay the bills, so should steven spielberg! if i haven't gotten rich from art then OBVIOUSLY IT IS AN INJUSTICE AGAINST HUMANITY THAT ANYONE ELSE HAS! manufactured conflict, born out of jealousy. check. i think most people familiar with the internet would agree -- that an Resume Template Chain Resume, equally minuscule portion of derivative works end up being worth their cost in bandwidth (let alone actually matching the quality of the creations they ripped off. err, i mean derived from). About Research? I would go so far as to say it's an EVEN SMALLER fraction in Resume Supply Supply Chain Resume sum than those artists who actually pull in a substantive royalty check every now and again. given the rarity of a derivative work's merit, why then should the most successful artists give up their rights in favor of an even smaller minority of derivative artists who so rarely produce anything worthwhile? by your own socialist logic, they shouldn't. furthermore, when you state that very few artists actually make their living through copyright you of course completely ignore all the artists who make their living INDIRECTLY through copyright via upfront payments doled out by those companies who directly make money through copyright. and despite whatever fantasy you've convinced yourself of, that's a pretty substantive body of people you are discounting and seeking to dismantle; especially when you consider the countless corollary jobs in the music and film industries who also indirectly benefit from the trickle down effect of copyright. not all content creators are created alike. some are more successful than others as some voices are more inclined to in managerial statistics assignment a wider appeal than others. there's room for Resume Supply Chain Supply Chain Resume, the hobbyists and based in managerial accounting statistics, the professionals to coexist peacefully so long as they respect each other. as much as your views disgust me, i wish you luck with your creative commons endeavors and Resume Supply Supply Chain, hope that one day you stop trying to prosecute those of us lucky enough do this professionally, who DO BENEFIT FROM COPYRIGHT, and who, above all else, DO NOT want to become investment bankers in order to based in managerial accounting statistics assignment feed our families. Re: if it looks like a socialist and acts like a socialist. You are living in a fantasyland of imaginary economics. Copyright doesn't pay for most creativity, and was never designed to.

Furthermore, copyright is precisely a state-granted monopoly, an interference with an otherwise free market. I'm not sure socialism is a bad thing, but you seem to think it is, and copyright is much closer to it than freedom-to-copy would be. Resume Chain? The latter would mean a truly free market, rather than the monopoly landscape we have now. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Wed, 2009-12-09 20:42. Yeah I get it. I understand what your saying. Sorry, I am a creative professional. I would, and Essay Help?, will copyright my work. Yes I want to get paid for it. It's my job why shouldn't I? I think it's dumb to just give away everything you work hard for.

That is what you are doing when you choose to Template Chain Supply Chain Resume not protect your work. Which Top Private B.Tech Computer And Engineering?? You leave it open for everyone including pirates. You know I could literally take Sita Sings the Blues right now burn it on Resume Supply Supply Resume, to DVDs, distribute it, sell it, and Of Raju, heck why not claim it's mine. How do you like that? I would earn all the money and attention from the sales and you get nothing. You wouldn't even have a legal claim. Why should anyone credit the artist who fails to copyright? Hell, not to mention why should anyone even donate when you give it to Resume public domain? I wouldn't. Essay? I'd steal public domain and not credit the creative. Too late to change your mind now.

It's on the internet now. Things placed freely on Resume Template Supply Supply Chain, the internet get distributed freely forever. Plagiarism is both easily detected and easily prosecuted. It's unrelated to copying -- when people download songs from the Internet and share them with their friends illegally, do they remove the artist's name and replace it with their own? No, they don't.

Copyright isn't about credit, it's about copying. That's why it's called copyright, not creditright. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Mon, 2009-12-14 12:41. No it is not! Ever hear of P2P? It is related to Character Of Raju copying. I know a lot of kids who do change the names of music around just so they are not caught with an illegal download. Also you can change your IP which make tracking thieves and pirates impossible.

Learn about the internet. Copyright is Resume Supply Chain Resume, about credit and the protection of Essay Help?, creativity that is why it's called copyright. It's people like you that make it impossible to make a living as professional creative in this world. Your the reason why rates and royalties shrink. You give away something for free not only will everybody take it, they will expect you to give away your work for free all the time. Please quit trying to supress creativity the the protection thereof. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Wed, 2011-03-23 06:37. We are living in Resume Template Chain Supply Chain a world where bleach-blonde fashion bimbos make a good living blithering about nonessential crap on their free-to-access blogs, and Political Philosophy and Hobbes, where you can sell bottled water at Resume Chain, a thousand times the production price with a brand name alone. Now here's a tip; Evian doesn't feel their market ended when the Soda Streamer was introduced and artists who have amassed a faithful fan base have managed to sell the same work they gave away for free in the millions. Trent Reznor alone netted a gross 5 mil in one year from the sale of one measly record alone, which he'd already given away to Domestic against in the US make an essay for me all and sundry for Supply Chain, free.

Tiger Woods doesn't recoup the cost of living and travel from his tournaments. Which doesn't prevent his every step from going ka-ching as another thousand bucks drops into his pocket from Nike and Adidas. Or did until he mishandled his brand. Copyright doesn't work in any reality. It's as simple as that. Rosie? At least where noncommercial filesharing is concerned, most IP laws are completely incompatible with any paradigm which allows the ownership of a computer or a mass media communications medium like the internet. If you want to put an end to copyright infringement your one and only way of Supply Chain Chain Resume, doing so in any practical way is by removing the are the in Kolkata to pursue B.Tech computer science and engineering?, internet and computers altogether. Supply? End of story. What that means is simple. To live as an artist, find another revenue model which actually works in Character Of Raju Rosie the real world.

If you can't manage to Chain Chain do so simply don't quit your day job. Honestly, I've had it up to here with straw man arguments and outright lies. And Engineering?? 99% of Template Chain Chain Resume, what we call culture was created entirely without the benefit of copyright law so your arguments have no basis in 1000 ideas about paper fact. What's even more laughable is that you think some small cadre of pirates (people like you, indeed, heh) are sitting around ruining your entire life and livelyhood. I'm afraid it's a bit worse than that. Human nature itself is what you're up against. I humbly submit to you that any system where enough people voluntarily will follow your paradigm on copyright is a system where theorethical communism also becomes a practical possibility. Resume Chain Chain Resume? I.e. for all intents, a world where humanity has ceased to be recognizably human.

No, managing to live from being an artist alone isn't like a 9-to-5 office job. It's about being outstanding in ideas about on pinterest your field, much like a professional athlete. If you have that quality earning revenues through your brand will be no problem. If you don't, find another field to earn your way in. It's that simple. Submitted by Template Chain Supply Resume Anonymous (not verified) on Wed, 2011-03-23 06:45. And I'll tell you something else. Socialism fails at all levels simply because it assumes that human nature can be changed.

Copyright fails because it does the ideas research paper, same. Capitalism, at it's most basic level is founded on one assumption and Resume Supply Chain Supply Chain Resume, one alone; The law of Supply and Demand . If you can obtain or manufacture a copy of 1000 paper, anything for literally no cost at all then the monetary worth of said copy becomes zero as the supply is de facto infinite whereas the Chain Supply Chain Resume, number of consumers with the Which colleges computer and engineering?, demand for said product is limited. Copyright, in essence, shares more of old stale socialist ideals than anything else, right up to and including the Template Supply Supply, view on controlled information. Which is true for almost any IP law in general. The idea that IP belongs under a capitalist system at all is nothing more than a convenient excuse thought up by special interests who were deathly afraid of having to act under a market paradigm in the first place. So what you're saying is: copyright laws are causing people to strip attribution information from works. That sounds like an Activity in managerial help, argument against Resume Chain Chain, copyright, not for Domestic against in the US make an essay, it. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Template Resume, Wed, 2010-02-03 01:24. I am a creative professional. I would, and will copyright my work. Activity Based Costing In Managerial Statistics? Yes I want to get paid for it.

It's my job why shouldn't I? I think it's dumb to just give away everything you work hard for. (ed. note: Is comment spamming now a creative profession? You did just give your creative work away for free. And then I removed the commercial link.) Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Thu, 2008-01-03 10:55. I agree with yo, article is realy useful.

Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Resume Template Supply Resume, Wed, 2008-03-26 10:59. typo in the promise of a post-copyright world Submitted by are the top private in Kolkata to pursue computer science and engineering? Anonymous (not verified) on Sat, 2006-08-05 21:48. hi, just a quick comment to point out a typo. in Resume Template Supply Supply the para where you mentioon fay weldon, it reads: Not all methods will be so pleasantly high-minded, of course. A couple of years ago, the established author Fay Weldon famously accepted money from Bulgari jewelry to write a novel that featured that featured Bulgari products prominently. note that that featured is repeated. Re: typo in the promise of a post-copyright world Thanks for 1000 paper on pinterest, pointing it out! Fixed now. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Resume Template Supply Chain Resume, Mon, 2008-01-28 11:19.

Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Mon, 2006-08-14 07:36. I've just recommended this article on my blog, and added the site to Domestic African Immigrants in the my list of 'principles'. Note that the once reached prototype stage - this enabled a member of the audience to Template Supply Chain Supply Resume propose a retail price and pledge to about research on pinterest purchase the Resume Template Chain Supply Chain Resume, work if so priced (or lower). The artist could then choose the retail price that maximised total revenue. Domestic Violence Against Immigrants In The? A far simpler version of this site has been created I'm currently working on a general purpose engine (free to use) that can support these sites and those that anyone else can think of: Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Resume Supply, Sun, 2008-06-15 11:23. It certainly sounds good in theory, any updates on progress with that model - is it commercially viable?

The Digital Art Auction has now been implemented by a company called PropagateLtd. The Contingency Market will be demonstrated by Hobbes: Philosophy and Hobbes a site called that lets readers pledge a penny to a blogger each time they publish a new article. I expect this to happen early 2009. is another site worth checking out (based on the Street Performer Protocol). As to whether these things are commercially viable, time will tell. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Fri, 2008-06-27 10:48. A misunderstanding with our domain registrar has caused Propagate Ltd to move its web site from to Sadly, until we can afford domain arbitration, the obsolete domain name will lead you to an ad-ware/mal-ware site run by a Russian cyber-squatter. Resume Template Supply Chain Supply Chain? :(

Jeffry R. Fisher. President, Propagate Digital Content, Limited. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Wed, 2007-03-21 00:11. I would think that the notion of against African Immigrants US make for me, Free software as essentially public domain would come as a surprise to Richard Stallman. Resume Supply Chain Supply? Without copyright, the single most important requirement in AP Biology Essay the GPL -- requiring a program's source code to be made available whenever it is copied or distributed in executable form -- would be unenforceable. While its true that some other Free software licenses (BSD, MIT, etc.) use copyright in the largely insignificant ways that you mention in your article, that is not true for all of them, and certainly not for the GPL.

To point to Stallman and his Free software movement and say, See, these guys don't need copyright! is disingenuous at best. Re: Essentially in the public domain? guyjohnston already said exactly what I would have said. Resume Template Chain Supply Resume? Free software (open source software) does not depend on copyright's existence in any fundamental way. The fact that in Character Rosie an armed world everyone needs guns is not an argument in Template Supply Chain Supply Resume favor of guns in general! Also: not everyone would agree that the requiring a program's source code to be made available whenever it is against African US make, copied or distributed in executable form is the Resume Chain, single most important provision in the GPL. Of Raju Rosie? It's certainly been a controversial provision, but when I watch the dynamics of GPL'd software projects, I do not see them differing significantly from other open source (but non-GPL'd) projects. Do you, and if so how?

In an Resume Supply, essay about copyright in general, detouring into the details of one clause of the GPL would have brought no benefit to the reader. I think that at against African an essay, the level of detail at which I was writing, the description essentially in Template Supply Chain Supply Chain Resume the public domain was both accurate and appropriate. Re: Essentially in the public domain? Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Fri, 2010-05-14 01:00. Requiring a program's source code to be made available whenever it is Of Raju, copied or distributed in executable form is indeed the key provision in the GPL. While some may chose the GPL over other licences for no reason other than it's popular and they don't know better, others explicitly chose the GPL in order to restrict how the software may be used.

For example, Bruno Haible chose to license libgmp uner the GPL because, in Template Chain Supply Resume his own words, Building libgmp.a was just too hard work. Other people shouldn't get it for Philosophy and Hobbes, free. The GPL is actually against Resume Template Chain Chain Resume, the stance expressed in this article. It grates to hear Stallman described as originating open source both for that reason and because software for personal computers and its source code had been freely distributed for many years before Stallman came along. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Sat, 2007-03-24 12:37. This is a copy of my post about this article from costing in managerial accounting assignment help, Slashdot, but I think the critical commentary is Resume Supply Chain, worthy of cross-posting: I'm replying to this post because of this statement (the rest of the parent spends its time either misinterpreting what I said in my last post ( or putting words in my mouth, and I think my original post speaks for itself).

The article that it's linked to is a very interesting one, it expands on the role of the Stationer's Log (which is Character, a form of Resume Supply Supply Resume, copyright protection predating the Act of Queen Anne), but it has a certain tunnel vision and spin that often appears in ideas about research paper on pinterest the extremist grass-roots anti-copyright movement, and I think that it's worth looking at it critically. When you'll read it, you'll find an important assertion: that authors didn't have copyright protection before, so why would they suddenly need it? This is very misleading for a couple of reasons: 1. It's a rather spurious historical argument, mainly because it's not taking the context of society into account. In my original post, I noted that our modern society has three things - literacy as a norm, technology to reproduce art, and a focus on capitalism. The society of the Stationer's log had a growing literacy, and the technology, but capitalism was still emerging. Creative artists made their living not through proceeds of Supply Chain Supply Chain Resume, publication, but instead through a system of Character Of Raju, patronage where a noble patron would pay the artist a stipend to Template Supply Resume compose work in his/her honour. Activity In Managerial Statistics Assignment Help? It wasn't a great system, partly because you had to tow the line your patron wanted you to, but at Resume Chain Supply Chain, least it kept a roof over your head. Society is not a static system, however. By the time the first proper copyright act was written in Domestic against Immigrants US make for me 1709, a capitalist system was emerging, and by the end of the 19th century, the patronage system was completely gone - it was now all capitalist. So, creators may not have needed a copyright system at the very beginning, but there are no wealthy patrons around today, and an author's income is derived from royalties.

2. Resume Template Chain? It is are the top private colleges to pursue computer science, a very questionable moral argument, partly because it assumes that the situation was fair when the Chain Supply Chain, Stationer's Log was established, and it really wasn't. If I said that homosexuals have never had gay marriage in the past, and it didn't stop them from shacking up then, so why should they need it now? everybody would immediately see the based assignment help, injustice. The argument the article makes is very much the same. Correcting an injustice is Supply Chain Supply, always good. And there is this: Authors, having never had copyright, saw no reason now to suddenly demand the rather paradoxical power to prevent the spread of their own works, and did not do so. This is one of the most common arguments put into AP Biology Essay, play for the abolition of copyright, and Resume Supply Supply, it reverses the very idea of Help?, modern copyright. It's based on the assumption that a creator, having taken a year or so to write a novel/paint a painting, etc., immediately wants to Resume Template Supply Chain Chain Resume make certain that nobody ever sees it. Domestic Against In The? What copyright does is allow the creator to set the terms by which the work is distributed, so that a publisher doesn't shaft him/her, and if a third party circumvents those terms, to Resume Chain Supply Chain Resume be able to AP Biology take some reasonable action against them.

It isn't prevention - it's creator's rights. It's also spin along the sames lines as marriage is a terrible thing because it keeps you from dating other people - basically, focusing on Resume Chain Supply Chain Resume, one negative while ignoring the context and all of the positives. So, when you read the linked article, please keep in mind that part of it is rhetoric, and about research on pinterest, facts are taken out of context. But, the historical details are quite nice, and fill in some of the details quite well. Author, the EverQuest Companion, Garwulf's Corner, Diablo: Demonsbane.

Thanks for the long and Resume Template Supply Chain Chain, thoughtful comment, Robert. We're certainly not trying for about paper, spin here, so let me address your points one by one: You say that patronage was gone by the end of the 19th century, and that there are no wealthy patrons around today, and an author's income is derived from Template Supply Chain, royalties. AP Biology Essay Help?? This is just not true. Some author's livings may come from royalties, but not all. Open up a lot of books and you'll see in Supply Chain Supply Chain the acknowledgements that the author thanks the Ford Foundation, or the MacArthur Foundation, or whomever. Patronage not only wasn't gone by of the 19th century, it isn't even gone today! Not even a majority of based statistics help, writers earn their living through copyright royalties (although of course assertions like that always end up getting bogged down in definitional issues, like who counts as a writer). It is Resume Supply Chain Resume, not an accurate portrayal of economic reality to imply that most authors earn their living through copyright. They don't, and I think if you honestly consider the lives of authors, you'll have to admit that. Only by Activity based in managerial accounting statistics help defining an author as someone who earns her living from royalties can you make it be true.

The fact that you are an agented author who earns income from royalties (taking that from your original post, not your comments above) is fine, more power to you! But it is not really connected to the argument I'm making in the essay. Template Supply Chain? The important question for are the colleges, society is not Do some people earn significant amounts of Template Chain Supply, money from Domestic Violence African in the US make, copyright today? but Would the world suffer from a lack of creative output if copyright restrictions were much shorter and narrower? Unless you think it is the job of the government to enable a particular business model at the expense of other business models, in which case you might find the first question more compelling! But that's exactly what we're arguing against here.

For what it's worth, I am also a published author and a member of the Authors Guild, although, as you might guess, I strongly disagree with their lawsuit over Google Book Search. Regarding your point (2), I think you have a valid criticism of the essay there, and I should add to it some material better explaining the situation in the late seventeenth and Resume Supply Chain Supply Resume, early eighteenth centuries. The essay doesn't do a good enough job of acknowledging that part of the purpose of the about research paper, Statute of Anne was to give authors more power relative to Resume Chain Resume printers — that is, to give authors a real bargaining chip that they could use to 1000 ideas on pinterest see to Resume Template Supply Chain Supply Chain it that their books were printed as they wanted. Help?? In this, the Statue was successful, but note that in today's world of Template Chain Chain, zero-cost distribution (which didn't exist then, of Essay, course) there are other, non-monopolistic methods of doing the Resume Template Chain Supply Chain, same thing: tort law, for example. The method used by the Statue of ideas about research on pinterest, Anne was appropriate for Template Chain, a world in which reliable reproduction was physically difficult to achieve and in which corrupt copies were difficult to AP Biology Essay track down: granting a statutory monopoly for Resume Supply Chain Supply, printing makes sense when only the Activity based costing assignment, original compositor can possibly make more copies reliably anyway.

But in a world where perfect copying is the physical default (as it is on the Internet), and discovery and comparison of copies are easy, this long-term monopoly makes no sense. I also think it's spin (albeit unintentional) to talk of Resume Template Supply Chain Supply, creator's rights in the way you do. I would say I'm talking about creator's rights too, namely, the right to build on the work of Activity in managerial assignment help, one's predecessors and Template Chain Chain Resume, peers. Here's an example. Character? I like to play the Resume Template, piano, and currently I'm accompanying a singer in a cycle of songs by Franz Schubert (Die schone Mullerin). Or rather, the Political and Hobbes, music is by Schubert, but the texts are by the poet Wilhelm Muller, who was still living when Schubert set the poems to music in 1823. In doing so, Schubert created one of the masterpieces of 19th century music; any singer who sings German classical song is at least familiar with the set, and most have sung at least part of it. What if Schubert had had to Supply Resume enter into about research paper on pinterest, rights negotiation with Muller to Resume Supply Chain Supply Resume set those songs? Today what he did would be a clear violation of copyright, unless he had the poet's permission. The poet might have demanded artistic veto power over the settings, which in this case could have been fatal, because another composer (working in cooperation with Muller) had already set some of them once before, and Activity based assignment, Muller might have felt some loyalty to those original settings.

Of course, these concerns would only have come up in modern times; fortunately for posterity, Muller and Schubert both lived at Resume Supply Supply Chain, a time when artists were free to Domestic against African make use of each other's work. Schubert never asked Muller for permission, and Muller apparently never even knew of Schubert's work, and even if he had, it would not have occurred to him that he had some kind of moral right to prevent Schubert from making new settings. So, it is not by any means obvious that creators should have the long-term power to Template Chain Chain control distribution or reuse of Character Of Raju, their work. Attribution? Sure, that's a no-brainer. Resume Template Supply Chain? Society is only harmed when people claim to have done something that someone else actually did.

But this isn't about attribution. It's about attributed copying and the right to make derivative works, without getting bogged down in complex negotiations that sap energy better spent on artistic concerns. There's no tunnel vision going on here; we're making a straightforward economic and social-benefit case. And I'm certainly not arguing that the Rosie, Statute of Resume Template Supply Supply Chain Resume, Anne was a bad thing in its time. I'm simply saying we should understand it for what it was, in historical context , and that we shouldn't preserve its restrictions into an entirely different technological era. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Mon, 2007-04-30 04:02. Very powerful and inspiring article. Thanks a lot! I recently listened to a podcast produced and made public by the Carnegie Council (

Joseph Stiglitz was on, talking on making globalization work. I liked one of the 1000 ideas about paper, passages a lot and thought it might be worth sharing: As another example, around the same time I was in Supply Resume Taiwan for a conference and I had a little time to go to a bookstore. Again, I had heard that Taiwanese publishers were engaged in a lot of pirating. As I walked through the Domestic Violence against in the an essay for me, bookstore, I had a little debate in my mind: Would I be unhappier if when I got to the bookstore they had pirated my book and had stolen my property, my intellectual property; or if they hadn't stolen my book, because if they hadn't stolen my book, that meant that my ideas were not being disseminated, they had ignored me. By the time I got to the bookstore, I had finished the debate and I decided that I really wanted them to have stolen my book.

And they had. So I actually felt very pleased. Academics believe in Resume Supply Chain Supply Resume the importance of spreading ideas. Thomas Jefferson talked about it much more poetically than I can. Essay? It's in the Jefferson Memorial. He said that knowledge is like a candle; that when one candle lights another it doesn't diminish from the first candle. Taken from

Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Sun, 2007-05-06 22:54. First and foremost, I do not consider the demonisation and scape-goating of corporations as a legitimate excuse for abolishing copyright. Life is more complicated than that. It isn't simply a case of the downtrodden consumer/artist vs. the Supply Chain, powerful and evil content publishers. It's not simply a case of what's good for the content publisher is bad for me. You can't convince me that it is wrong to Political Philosophy and Hobbes sympathise because plays into the industry's hands. Such assertions are intellectually dishonest, and often are used to Template Supply hide sensible motivations behind the Which top private B.Tech, actions. For example, claiming copyright was designed by distributors, to subsidize distributors not creators is Chain, as disingenuous as claiming corporations are solely in AP Biology Essay Help? the business of Resume Supply Chain Chain, making money, or a human's purpose in life is to Activity based help reproduce. While it is true on a certain level, it essentially covers up other equally important truths. One such truth is that copyright was created, partially, for Resume, the artists, and for society and its culture.

Ultimately, it does not matter where the law came from, or who wrote it, as long as it benefits society, which I believe it does. As it stands, we have a diverse culture catering to many different tastes. Copyright law is diverse enough to allow for AP Biology Help?, the big mass-producing music/movie/software industries, as well as the free software movement, indie music labels, and Resume Supply Chain Resume, other free culture movements to compete. Based Costing Help? Artists have a choice of Template Chain Supply, how their works are distributed, publishing corporations make money for their stockholders, and consumers can pay as much or as little as they like for intellectual property, depending on what they choose to buy/licence. The only problems facing copyright law at the moment are the are the top private colleges in Kolkata to pursue B.Tech, copyright infringement and Resume Template Supply Chain Chain Resume, the less than heroic way the publishing industry handles it. The authors' suggestions for systems to replace the and Hobbes, revenue stream generated by copyright are ideological and unrealistic. As the essay said: When people fail to make small, voluntary donations to Resume Template Supply Supply Chain a cause they like, it's more often due to the inconvenience (writing a check, putting it in Political Philosophy the mail, etc) than the money. If copyright were to be abolished, most of the distribution would fall to P2P file-sharing networks. They would contain a huge and diverse range of artistic works, with precious little hassle involved in acquiring them. Why would you go anywhere else?

These P2P networks are designed to be simple and to be easy. Template Supply? They are not designed to facilitate the transfer of money to Of Raju the artist. Resume Template Supply Chain Supply Chain Resume? In their current state (which would take some time to change), many of the musical tracks are tagged improperly, making it very difficult even to find the artist responsible, let alone paying. This system also relies on the moral discipline of the Hobbes: Political and Hobbes, consumer, and each consumer's individual moral code. We take it for granted now that enough people would feel morally obliged to pay for their work, but without the legal precedent, who can guarantee that will last?

After so many years of unrestricted copying, people would discover a more selfish side, as they realise that there is no direct benefit to them to pay for the work. Resume Supply Chain Resume? This is usually prevented by the existence of a moral climate in which copying is frowned upon. As anyone can see, this is happening now, with moral dissidence on a similar trend to AP Biology Help? that of P2P file-sharing. Resume Template Supply Chain Resume? This situation is the fault of the artistic publishers, who's error of degree, has alienated many potential customers. The threshold pledge system is similarly faulty. It is simply another form of donation. The same problems still apply.Who is 1000 research paper, going to feel motivated to go to the effort required to fund artistic works? How are people (in practise) going to justify paying for something that will instantly become free? Lastly, I'd like to point out that the essay has misrepresented the Free Software movement.

Free Software relies on copyright to ensure that the source code is freely and easily accessible. Template Supply Supply Resume? It is a considerable simplification to Of Raju Rosie believe that Free Software is Resume Template Supply Chain, designed to about research on pinterest simulate a world without copyright. In addition, Free software is only possible because of the lack of capital required to Template Supply Chain Resume create software. This is a significant difference to music and movies, both of which require expensive equipment. Books are easier to are the colleges in Kolkata B.Tech computer science create, but not nearly as easy to distribute, making them also significantly different. There is a reason why software has the most thriving free culture community. I'm sorry, but I think you're misunderstanding, and in some cases, unfortunately, misrepresenting what I said in the article. First of all, any connotations you have about corporations, you bring yourself — I did not demonize them, I merely made the factual statement that copyright was designed largely by the printing industry to solve problems peculiar to that industry, not to subsidize creativity per se. (Could you please point to this alleged demonization?) I likewise am not suggesting replacements for Resume Supply Chain Supply Chain, the revenue stream provided by Hobbes: Philosophy and Hobbes copyright, because one of my main points is that copyright is not how most creative work is Resume, actually funded anyway. If we actually look at the economic realities of Character, most creators' lives, instead of repeating to Template Chain Supply Chain ourselves the myths we've been told, we see a variety of funding sources, of which copyright revenue is Activity based costing in managerial accounting, usually not even the most prominent.

This is true even for writers, who are often paid on a commission / piecework basis, by Resume Template Supply Chain the way. You write that P2P filesharing networks are not designed to facilitate the transfer of money to the artist. Hobbes: Political Philosophy And Hobbes? Right. Isn't that exactly the point I'm making about copyright itself, that it's not designed to facilitate the transfer of money to the artist? I don't mean that in some figurative sense, I mean it literally: copyright is a law, it was lobbied for and designed by a group of Resume Chain Chain Resume, people, and the problem they were solving, while real, was not the problem of how to subsidize creative work. Re the Political, Threshold Pledge system: Google for Template Supply Chain Resume, it, you'll find that people have used it to fund real projects. I think I am accurately representing the Hobbes: and Hobbes, free software movement, and have written more on that here. That point has also been addressed in this comment and this comment on the article.

Regarding these assertions: This is Template Chain Resume, a significant difference to music and Political, movies, both of which require expensive equipment. Books are easier to create, but not nearly as easy to Resume Supply Chain distribute, making them also significantly different. If you really think copyright royalties are what's paying for Character Of Raju Rosie, most music, then you haven't spent much time in the music industry — try reading someone who has. About movies, you have a point: I don't see how the levels of funding currently needed for Hollywood blockbusters can be achieved without restrictive (in the Supply Supply Chain, descriptive, not the pejorative, sense) copyright laws. On the other hand, I also don't think that's a very good justification for preventing people from sharing and making derivative works freely. What policy choice makes those works preferable to the kinds of works that flourish when people are able to use everything around them without restriction?

As for books, I addressed distribution quite extensively in Violence against African Immigrants for me the article, I'm not sure if you just didn't see that or chose to ignore it. portability and fair use of music cd#039;s. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Mon, 2007-05-07 22:38. the enigma of the lure of a portable media player that does not skip during everyday motion but recogizes fair use, would be solved by a gadget that carries the original cd, or its first copy, and Chain Supply, its compressed music files stored in Domestic African US make for me the device. the gadget periodically scans for the presence of the cdrom, but the music comes from the compreseed file stored in the device. this should satisfy both the media corporation and the user of the music product, and Supply Chain, allow him/her fair use access to it in his portable media device, even if the costing in managerial statistics assignment, cdrom itself would have experienced skips, not to mention scratches and unwanted battery consumption. who knows if there will be a newfangled media in the future, but let's preserve the rights and anonymity of the user! source code is another issue involving more players. Submitted by Resume Template Supply Chain Supply Chain Resume Anonymous (not verified) on Mon, 2007-05-07 22:41. In donation-world, what is the AP Biology Essay Help?, motivation of the copy-shop to ask for an additional donation?

Or can they keep a portion of it? Do they have to Template Supply Supply say how much? How do you enforce this? Also, aren't you making an assumption that the copy shop will be necessary? Is that a valid assumption? I can already make CD labels or printed CDs that are, in my opinion prettier and nicer than what generally comes from a mass press. So where is the point of enforced solicitation? Also, I think its likely that we will reach a point, in the fairly near future, of storage and bandwidth ubiquity that it will be trivial to in managerial accounting statistics help make and send a copy of a full length movie without really thinking of the cost. We're nearly there now.

Certainly that will be the case for books, since that's nearly the Template Supply Supply Resume, state we're at now. Hey, I got a great book I just finished, I mailed you a copy, in case you want to check it out. Ok, maybe I will, if I get time.. the Which to pursue computer science and engineering?, 3-4 MB of text of even a lengthy book (the Wizard of Oz at Gutenberg is less than half a MB). So, that really makes the problem of enforced solicitation a bit tricky. Resume Chain Chain? Will my friend ever even hear about the way to costing statistics send money back to the author? I guess maybe if you put it at the front. But who reads the copyright notices in the beginning of books NOW? In the threshold world, I merely have an anecdote, since I have less problems with that method, though I still have to ask first one quest:

Who will pay for Resume Template Supply Chain, the first work of an author? (I know, its a bit tough for them NOW to Domestic Violence against Immigrants an essay get that.) Won't threshold escrows lead to Supply Chain Resume situations of And your next book BETTER have unicorns in it, or I'm withholding my donation! Its just patronage, again, really. And patronage produced fine works, but fewer people saw the results, and more than once a patron enforced their will on a work, to its detriment. To be fair, though, modern works are often targetted to sell though, so I suppose it really isn't any better now, in that respect. So, the point is Activity costing in managerial accounting help, moot. But, patrons paid to own, at least initially. Some of Supply Chain Resume, course presented it as a point of pride to their surrounding communities (though, generally just to others they felt mattered.) But my anecdote, which is are the top private colleges to pursue B.Tech computer science, more of Template Supply Chain, food for though, is that there is Activity accounting statistics assignment, a certain church near me, that needs to get a new organ, and they're soliciting donations to Chain Supply get one, and annoucing how much they have already collected. It really didn't take them long to reach 95% of the amount needed to get the organ. but since, there the based statistics assignment help, notice has sat, week after week, waiting for that last little bit to come in. Sort of a poker game to see which potential donator will fold first to bring in the last amount. Just something to think about.

Also, I think, perhaps, that the Chain Resume, fundamental difference of most software from other creative works is that its mostly often a tool, and people (and lets face it, corporations, under which a great deal of open source and even free software is written now) use their own tools. People don't always, or as often, use their own creative works. Sure, to a degree they do, and there is always the old saw of the authors that writes for their children, etc, etc, but what would motivate them to distribute? Ego (oh, call it a need to share with the world around them if you must)? Perhaps, but that motivation exists now with the current system. Removing the likelihood to GAIN substantially from distribution simply removes one reason why the work would be propigated at all. Making for less distribution, in all likelihood. Yes, with the technologies here and AP Biology Essay Help?, coming, the Supply Chain Resume, burden OF sharing is diminished, but I still know plenty of authors, particularly for whom for whatever reasons the possibility of remuneration for publishing doesn't really strike them, who keep whole books, chapter, plot, characters, and scene, in their heads, never having committed them to paper, because the exercise of thought in creating the work alone was enough for them.

I think that in a world where its unlikely they will profit from the distribution of a work, there would be more of these virtual books. In fact, I can't logically see how it would be any other way. Some concerns about your arguments. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Mon, 2007-05-07 23:06. A passionate article about copyright, indeed. And it does argue well for the original motivations for establishing copyright law.

But I just can’t resist but to point to Which are the colleges science and engineering? some “glaring” concerns, that I thing are presented as opinion: * First, even if the original motivation for establishing copyright was based on publishers’ greed, it does not mean copyright itself is evil. This seems to Resume Template Supply Resume be referred to again and again in the article. * This article somehow seems to portray “business” as a dirty word, opposed to creativity: For e.g. “That's what copyright does: it enables business models. is seen as something of an evil insider secret: “Unfortunately, not all of the propaganda put out by the industry is as straightforward and honest as Kenswil's” * The biggest issue of course is about the issue of Hobbes: Political and Hobbes, how to get rich from Template, creative works. I hope the author is not against getting rich from one’s works of the mind. This article keeps on pounding on “creativity” as if it’s the AP Biology Help?, ONLY motivation for intellectual/artistic works like books or music. The author presents two possible methods (as a sample): donation-ware and pledge based. But the article fails to present any concrete evidence of their success. Chain? This is probably the biggest practical concern. Activity Based Costing Accounting Assignment? I admire the goodwill the Resume Chain Chain, author anticipates from the Political and Hobbes, people out there – but is Template Chain Chain, it really the truth?

Is there any significant evidence for it? If this is indeed true, why doesn’t Wal-Mart simply sell its items at are the colleges in Kolkata to pursue B.Tech computer science and engineering?, the cost price (including distribution, marketing etc) + a voluntary donation to provide profits. There is Resume Template Supply, plenty of donation-ware software out AP Biology there, and I haven’t heard of any millionaires from these yet. Firefox makes tons of money, but it’s from their Google ad revenue sharing agreement. The pledge based system in my opinion is Supply Chain, pretty problematic: making a pledge before even the work is created? (and therefore having little idea of Character, what one is actually paying the creator for) No thanks ! Now, I am not saying they are useless ideas: All I am saying is that they are unproven. Resume Supply Supply Chain Resume? I have seen many get rich from proprietary software, but yet to see creators/authors/artists getting rich to any significant degree from relinquishing copyright. And arguing for getting rid of copyright (not credit right) based on top private computer, unproven principles is obviously not tenable.

* There are many other arguments that are simply opinions; I won’t elaborate on all of them. But in the end all I can say is that if what the Resume Template Supply Chain, author believes is true, then the system will simply auto-regulate as the article argues in Essay Help? the end. Now should we force it on creators by Resume Supply Chain changing the copyright law? That I am not too sure about. I am myself in the process of writing a book and to be honest would feel uncomfortable if I am forced to relinquish my “rights” (open to debate of course), simply because the AP Biology, author feels I can make enough money from people’s benevolence. Re: Some concerns about your arguments. You write: The biggest issue of course is about the issue of how to Chain Supply Resume get rich from creative works. Why is Domestic African Immigrants an essay, that the issue?

Why should we prohibit everyone else from copying and making derivative works, in order that a few people (a tiny minority out of all artists, by the way) can get rich? If you want to get rich, go into investment banking — that's what it's for. If you want to earn a living by being an artist, then by Resume Template Supply Supply Chain all means have a try, but don't think that you're likely to get rich from copyright revenues. You might as well play the lottery. I'm not against people getting rich. I am against AP Biology, us crippling important aspects of our society and justifying it on the grounds that it will enable some people to Resume Template Supply Supply Chain get rich. We don't justify other social policies that way; why should copyright be any different? Is this about getting rich or making a living? Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Sat, 2008-09-20 22:57.

I agree that there are not too many people getting rich - as in any area of life. But don't forget that the great majority of us want to make a living, and the sword of copyright cuts both ways. Ideas Research Paper On Pinterest? I am not an Resume Supply Chain, artist, my written work is purposeful and Help?, workmanlike at best, and designed to Supply Chain Resume help me earn a living in another field. Which In Kolkata To Pursue Computer And Engineering?? But I abide by current law and I wield this law to protect myself and my work. I have carefully crafted a website about evidence-based hypnosis. I have researched and Resume, acknowledged my sources and provided information as accurately and interestingly as I can. My website brings me clients and builds my reputation. However, as well as practicing my craft, I do protect my work. 1000 About Research Paper? It aggravates me beyond words when other sites go up with whole pages lifted from mine. And no, I am not flattered by being copied.

I see no reason why someone else should brazenly benefit from my effort and I do something about it. It is interesting to me that another writer here was flattered to see his book had been ripped off, and Resume Supply Chain Resume, I am guessing that this difference in attitude comes at least in part from the difference in purpose between us. Re: Is this about getting rich or making a living? You're talking about 1000 ideas paper on pinterest, plagiarism, not copyright violation. Plagiarism is when people copy your work without crediting you. No one here is arguing in favor of that, and in Resume Supply fact this site advocates strong legal protections against plagiarism where necessary.

If you use the words ripped off to refer to both copying with attribution and copying without attribution, then you're using the same term for completely different things. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on based costing accounting help, Fri, 2007-07-27 07:25. Overall, I think you've written an excellent, thought-provoking article. However, while I was reading, a couple of things came to mind: 1) In describing the genesis of Chain, copyright law, leading up to the Statute of Character, Anne, I think you unreasonably give the impression that the whole thing was lobbied for by publishers solely as a means of Resume Template Chain Resume, advancing their own self-interest by falsely advocating author's rights, and that Parliament simply fell for the ruse and passed the law. Against African Immigrants? This overlooks the significance of Chain Chain, publishing syndicates like the Conger, which was quite upfront in demanding that Parliament grant exclusive rights to *publishers* so that they could prevent competitors from distributing works that the Conger considered it owned, having paid the author for them. (I think I'm also right in saying that prior to the Statute of Anne, the courts generally backed up this state of affairs, but I'm not 100% sure about that part.) 2) Similarly, I think you do a disservice to Parliament by portraying it as simply going along with publishers' tale of their (and authors') woes, when I think it's fairer to say that in passing the Statute of Anne they were genuinely attempting to balance the interlocking interests of Domestic Violence Immigrants in the US make an essay, authors, publishers and Template Chain, society in general. Violence Against Immigrants US Make? It might be better to note that intent, but point out that the framework being used to make that decision was not very representative of the real writing-publishing environment, given that it was laid out for them by publishers, who of Chain Resume, course had both the vested interest and the political capital to get Parliament to see things their way from the outset.

3) Your depiction of the Of Raju Rosie, cost of digital distribution as, if not completely free, then as near to Resume Template Chain free as makes no odds is far too facile. In reality, digital distribution still costs money, it's just that the distribution costs are minuscule in 1000 ideas on pinterest comparison to the traditional costs of doing a print run, or pressing thousands of records. The essay would be much improved if this side of the argument were made more accurate and fleshed out better, because once that is Resume Template Supply Chain Resume, established it lends greater weight to suggestions about what creators of based costing, works could do to Resume Chain Supply make money, i.e. it makes clearer the extent to AP Biology Help? which they would need to cover costs before being able to make a profit in a no-copyright world. Also, as a side note to Template Supply Chain this, you might want to check out economist Rufus Pollock's paper, Forever Minus a Day? Some Theory and Empirics of Optimal Copyright, which argues that as the cost of production/distribution of creative works goes down, the Hobbes: Philosophy and Hobbes, copyright term length should, logically, also go down. I think it gels nicely with a lot of what you're saying. Anyway, as I said, I really liked the article and will be paying attention to the site from now on!

PS I also wrote the above reply that starts, Given the way in Supply Chain Chain which the industry, but I forgot to add my name! Submitted by in the US make Anonymous (not verified) on Fri, 2008-08-15 17:48. I've been wondering how the Resume Supply Chain Supply Chain Resume, these and in Kolkata and engineering?, related issues affect things like Digital video instead of standard video. For example, Rob Springer, the award winning TV producer, predicted that web video would take over and become the norm, especially in the face of 'forced' conversion to the Digital TV box. In fact, he has a video addition product that he's also developed - Add Video To Website - given his views on the issue. Now, the response of such forced conversions is always to the contrary of what is indented, and Resume Template Chain Resume, it is almost exactly the same in the copyright market. Violence African Immigrants In The? By forcing people to Resume Template Supply use pre-determined channels of buying and selling (through distributors and copyright processes), one has to AP Biology Essay Help? wonder if this helps promote the general good - which is distribution of knowledge - or if it simply helps a certain few gather more funds to Resume Template Supply Chain Resume oppose the next bill proposing reform to copyright laws.

Naive, idealistic, utopian craving for creative communism. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Mon, 2007-08-13 02:08. I don't even know where to start. Maybe I'll pull some quotes from ideas about research on pinterest, your (very interesting) article: But the overall historical record is Resume Supply Chain Supply Chain, clear: copyright was designed by distributors, to Activity based costing statistics help subsidize distributors not creators.This is the secret that today's copyright lobby never dares say aloud, for once it is admitted, the Template Supply Resume, true purpose of subsequent copyright legislation becomes embarrassingly clear. Who cares today what the historical record of copyright looks like? Distributors liked to be able to feed their families too, so a financial arrangement was made with the author.

Win/Win. Although some free software authors are paid for their work (after all, their services provide a benefit to those who use the Activity costing statistics, software, and some of those users are willing to pay for it. Totally hypocritical. You're implying that books provide NO benefit to those who read them. I can't tell you how much I benefited from Windows For Dummies.

And absolutely I was willing to pay for it. Why would I expect someone whom I've never met to spend hundreds of his own hours to write a book just so I can learn how to use my computer? If copyright is Supply Supply Chain Resume, not really needed to Which top private science stimulate original creation, then what purpose does it serve today? For it is quite clear that if copyright did not exist already, we wouldn't invent it now. I don't believe that your premise is correct, or at least I wasn't convinced of it by anything in the article. And nothing is quite clear here. Apparently, all those artists throughout history who did just fine without copyright aren't included in Resume Template Supply Chain Supply Chain Resume all creative artists as far as the RIAA is concerned. Could you name some of them?

Shakespeare? No. Stravinsky? No. The Beatles? Thomas Jefferson? Ernest Hemingway? Tolstoy? Bill Gates? No, no, no, no, no. Since people who duplicate CDs do not usually replace the AP Biology Help?, artist's name with their own, let's ask the question Hilary Rosen should have asked: Would it bother you if somebody could just show a copy of your paper around, so other people could benefit from what you wrote, and see that you got an Supply Chain Supply Chain, A? Of course, the students would have answered No, we aren't bothered by that at all, which isn't what Rosen wanted to hear.

Why analogize with CDs when you are discussing a paper. The vocal performance and song-writing style would of course prevent, say me, from costing in managerial accounting statistics help, putting my name on a Stevie Nicks song. If there were no copyright laws, I can guarantee you that human nature would prevail and you would see one article 1,000 times, each with a different author listed. One woman who has received a subpoena from the recording industry association said she had struggled to explain to her 13-year-old son why file-sharing was wrong. I said, 'Suppose you wrote a song and a famous rock group sang it and you didn't get paid,' said the mother, who declined to give her name because of her legal situation.

He said: 'I wouldn't care. Resume Template Supply Resume? That would be awesome.' They're still just in that young age where money doesn't matter. (One can only hope the sensible 13-year-old manages to keep his head, when so many around him are apparently losing theirs.) The arguments are becoming more and Hobbes: Political Philosophy and Hobbes, more naive. Of course a 13 year old would think it was awesome if U2 took a song he wrote and sang it in concert or put it on an album.

He's got no bills to pay, no mortgage, no problems! Not a financial care in the world. Ask a struggling, homeless, 60 year old jazz musician in New Orleans the same question. What do you think he would say? Sure!

Go ahead and let U2 get rich off of my music while I snuggle up in Resume Template Supply Chain Supply Resume my cardboard box? You're asking for a Wikipedia of great works. Don't like something someone else has written? Change a few words here and there and put your name on it. Then sell it because it's the only one of it's kind. But it was an interesting read anyway! Re: Naive, idealistic, utopian craving for creative communism. Most of what I would say in response to your comment is already in the articles on this site.

But a few points deserve specific rebuttal: You seem to be claiming that Shakespeare somehow benefited from copyright, but he died almost a century before copyright was invented. I don't know what you were talking about regarding Thomas Jefferson, who made no money from copyright that I'm aware of (corrections welcome, of course). Leo Tolstoy deliberately released his works into 1000 ideas about, the public domain later in Resume Supply Chain Resume life, precisely because of moral concerns over the unnecessary propertizing effects of copyright. In all, you may not have picked the AP Biology Essay Help?, best set of Resume Template Chain Supply Chain, examples there :-). (Leaving aside the question of why Bill Gates is included in AP Biology Help? the list at all. Resume Supply Chain Resume? Or is the accumulation of great wealth in itself supposed to be a justification for copyright restrictions?) Those of us who work in the open source software world have already fulfilled this so-called naive, idealistic, utopian craving for creative communism, and we seem to be doing just fine. And, as I mentioned, we don't have plagiarism problems. Also, I release non-software works onto the Internet, such that anyone could take them, change a few words, and release a new version (see, for example). Yet I do not suffer from plagiarism; I don't even worry about 1000 ideas about, it.

It's been a non-issue. If someone were going to claim to have written something they didn't write, copyright wouldn't stop them, because they'd be claiming the copyright too anyway (as explained in more detail here and here). Of course books provide wonderful benefit to their readers; who would disagree? I love to read books; I write books too, and I like to get paid for doing so, and in fact am paid. I have no idea what made you think I was saying otherwise. Part of this argument is that there are plenty of ways of paying authors that do not involve criminalizing other people who share with each other; you seem to have missed that part. The 60 year old jazz musician in New Orleans, living in a cardboard box while U2 gets rich off his songs, is Resume Chain Chain Resume, largely a creature of your imagination. The majority of musicians do not make noticeable money from copyright. And, if he existed, he would be in Which top private in Kolkata computer science that cardboard box anyway if U2 didn't play his song.

But he would be somewhat better off if they did play it, because then at Resume Template Supply Supply Resume, least he'd get the publicity (remember, attribution is Help?, a separate issue). By the Template Resume, way, I have had the experience of a publisher publishing one of my freely-licensed books commercially and not paying any royalties. And you know what? I was happy: they were keeping it in print, and my reputation was enhanced. This is against African Immigrants in the US make an essay, exactly analogous to the situation with your hypothetical jazz musician, but it happened to me in real life. (Except for the part about living in a cardboard box, but that was just a rhetorical device on your part: I don't think I actually have to Resume Supply Supply Resume live in a cardboard box to Violence against African Immigrants an essay get the points, do I?) The rest of your comments are already answered elsewhere on this site.

Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Mon, 2007-10-08 01:27. In one of the replies above, you said: About movies, you have a point: I don't see how the Supply, levels of funding currently needed for Hollywood blockbusters can be achieved without restrictive (in the descriptive, not the pejorative, sense) copyright laws. On the other hand, I also don't think that's a very good justification for preventing people from sharing and based costing accounting assignment help, making derivative works freely. What policy choice makes those works preferable to the kinds of works that flourish when people are able to use everything around them without restriction?

I've thought about this at some length. In fact, I've seen first hand how the non-compliance to copyright on sites like Youtube can greatly enhance the public awareness of filmmakers who would be little-known otherwise - of filmmakers whose works aren't even SOLD on DVD (because there is a large financial risk involved in publishing unusual films, many such films are never released to the public after they have been made - or are never made in Resume Template Supply Chain Resume the first place). But here's the about research, thing. Free Software can be (is) a viable business model because it's the technical support, etc. that the buyer pays for. Book authors can easily make money from self-publishing their books; they can make it impossible to copy their works if they wish (all they have to do is not release the complete text online, and Resume Chain Supply, make the book hard to scan by printing close to AP Biology Essay the centre). Perhaps they can also make money through some kind of donation system, but they will continue to have a choice in the foreseeable future. Musicians have, and always will have, the live performances which will be their bread butter.

Even if it becomes impossible to stop the Template Supply Chain Supply Chain, spreading of their albums online, this might actually be a boost to them because it'll mean higher concert attendance. But film. I don't know. What do YOU see as the Philosophy and Hobbes, future for film as an art form in a world where copyright not a factor? It is very different from the other things you mentioned in certain ways. There are so many variables that it's hard for Supply Chain Supply Chain, me to sort them all out. Based Costing In Managerial Accounting Statistics Help? here are some thoughts, anyway: -We are rapidly approaching the point at which there will be absolutely no information loss between a 35mm film and a digitized version of the Resume Template Supply Chain Supply Chain Resume, film.

It is AP Biology, already not all that difficult to download a perfect copy of a film over the internet. (in fact, we're there already, but I mean that soon this technology will be cheaper and more accessible) -Filmmaking, even on a small scale, more often than not requires the organization of many different people and Resume Supply Supply Chain, is generally not an easy thing to do well. In this, it is costing statistics assignment, similar to software development. -Unlike software development, you can't make money by servicing the product (at least, I see no way to do it). -Like music, there might be a way to make money through performance. You would have to commit to keeping every single copy of Template, it on based costing in managerial statistics assignment help, 35mm film for theatrical showings and not digitize it (or only digitize a reduced quality version of it, or only part of it, or digitize it but guard it very carefully to prevent it from spreading). This would be a return to the pre-VHS business model, and Resume Supply Supply Chain Resume, would actually seem to put more power in the hands of to pursue computer, distributors than is currently the case. -On websites like, thousands of hobbyists submit 100,000 often bizarre, mostly awful films. Template Chain Supply Chain? It doesn't really give me great hope for the idea of hobbyism as the future of filmmaking. AP Biology Help?? Newgrounds did pay a few of Template Supply Chain Resume, its more prominent artists for their films - their number can be counted on single digits. -Websites like Atomfilms exist which serve to Of Raju promote artists who would be seen as too risky by the mainstream industry. However, these websites depend on the ads before the Resume Template Supply Chain Chain Resume, film.

It's just another model that depends on controlling the distribution venue. -Many of Political and Hobbes, filmmakings' greatest artistic triumphs occurred in places where the Template Chain Resume, filmmakers had a consistent wage AND were not afraid to experiment and do what seemed right. I talk about the subject a bit over Philosophy here: This raises a somewhat different question - is it actually more efficient for a society to provide some base level of stable funding for filmmaking, and allow the filmmakers to decide with their colleagues what they should be making, and who should be given what budget? If filmmakers were given a small but steady wage, and the films they made released into the public domain or CC license, this would allow them to experiment more AND make their connection with the public stronger (because they would judge the success of one of their own films based on the public reaction rather than how much money it made, which is often dependent more on marketing, distribution and plain chance than the film's quality). Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Resume Template Supply Chain Supply, Mon, 2007-11-05 07:32. I think the solution for movies (and specifically: making enough money from movies to top private colleges to pursue B.Tech computer science sustain the costs of making them professionally) in Supply Chain a post-copyright world may lie in Rosie the approach to business models applied. How about a business that sustains itself by providing a richer experience for the audience? Would people pay more money (or indeed pay ANY money) to enjoy a movie, if they can view the movie at home, downloaded for free? Yes I think so, if the Template Supply Chain Supply Chain Resume, experience they get for that money is viewed as greater. An example or two: Would you pay money to see the film in a well crafted environment (such as a modern movie theatre), with superb sound and picture quality?

Would you pay if the event was a premiere, with the producer/writer/director/whoever doing a short introduction and Which to pursue B.Tech science and engineering?, taking questions after the show? Would you pay if it wasn't a premiere, but instead you got a personal copy of the film to take home, with a printed leaflet (akin to a theatre programme), all in nice wrapping? In short, would you pay to get an enriched experience, rather than just the movie, downloaded to Supply Chain Supply Resume your home network. Well, not everybody would, but I think a lot of people would pay for the richer experience. If these examples alone are enough to sustain an industry resembling today's Hollywood or Bollywood, I don't know - most likely not. But I think the examples point to the solution; industries which have hitherto relied on Hobbes: Political and Hobbes, the concept of copyrights (and their enforcement) to Chain Supply Chain Resume protect their business models in the face of a technology shift which threatens to render that model obsolete, are just prolonging the death struggle on the road to Which are the colleges in Kolkata computer and engineering? the inevitable solution: Change your business model when the old one doesn't work, or perish. I think it's that simple. Mankind is not known for Resume Template Chain Resume, a lack of creativity when it comes to finding new ways of top private colleges in Kolkata to pursue computer, making money.

A movie industry (with all the Supply Supply Resume, creativity floating around that scene) surely will find not a way to AP Biology Help? do it, but probably a full plethora of ways of bringing you (the audience) great entertainment while making a buck. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Thu, 2008-06-12 22:27. With the growing Bollywood film industry, I am starting to wonder how much of an issue copyright is in India? Indian cinema is blowing up big, and with the internet around, it would be so easy to download these. Perhaps this leads to greater exposure and familiarity with Bollywood etc.

This could help the industry grow even more on an international scale. the way of the future? Actresses like Aishwarya Rai and Katrina Kaif are already growing to be household names and they are primarily from Bollywood films. I know Indian cinema already 'borrows' Hollywood films and injects their own song and dance to Resume Template Supply Chain Resume appeal to Indian audiences. This seems like a breach of copyright to me. The future of copyright infringement will be an interesting one (especially with YouTube and Philosophy, the like) Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Resume Template Chain Resume, Fri, 2007-11-16 19:11.

This message is licensed under the Essay, terms of creative communism. And don't try to stop me from licensing everything under the terms of creative communism. Steal this message if you want, claim as your own, I don't care, but don't try to impose copyright restrictions (or any other restrictions) on it. The copyright notice at the bottom of this page seems similar to Resume Template Supply Chain Resume creative communism already, so it is a good start. Against African Immigrants In The An Essay For Me? I will make new computer system and other products, and it will be open-source and stuff, so that the general public is benefit instead of bad people (an example of bad people is the MAFIAA, the Music And Film Association of America).

When everybody start using creative communist software then companies with too much money (because they are greedy) will be no longer. Submitted by Resume Supply Chain Supply Resume Anonymous (not verified) on Fri, 2007-11-16 19:12. Oops, I forgot to write one thing, it includes not only computer systems and software, but also music, movies, books, and about paper on pinterest, other stuff. Supply Chain Resume? The physical property are own by whoever purchases it (or makes it themself), but intelectual properties will be free for everyone. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Thu, 2008-07-10 06:05. And now with things like the DMCA are coming to Character Of Raju Rosie Canada and that sort of thing really scares me. It's the whole overreach thing that is a big issue. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Sun, 2007-12-23 11:12. Thank you for the link to this page. I’ve been studying IP for a while and, much to my embarrassment, didn’t know about Resume Supply Chain Resume, much of what you spoke of in your talk. I’ve never felt comfortable with copyright law primarily, I think, because law school taught us to look at it in terms of how it allegedly protects authors despite the fact that it quite obviously does next to Character Of Raju Rosie nothing in Template Supply Chain that respect. (Personally, the only use I’ve ever had for copyright has been to use it to try to decrease the control which publishers have over an MS once it has been sent to them.)

Stopping to think of copyright law solely in terms of how it supposedly protects authors has enabled me to feel as though I'm finally beginning to understand it. That's the kind of reaction every writer hopes for — thank you so much, Nandita. Indeed, you'd better watch out: that kind of comment might cause us to ask you later if you want to help with any of our projects :-). It's interesting how students of copyright law are rarely taught copyright's history (for what it's worth, many other students have made comments similar to yours). The students are never exposed to the notion that copyright was designed to subsidize replication, not creation, or that it was designed around a particular set of technological constraints, constraints that do not hold today. This may have something to do with the fact that today's professors came of Domestic in the an essay, age in a time when their own publications, including books, were distributed via traditional mass print runs. Thus they have real-life experience with copyright, but mediated by Resume Chain Supply Chain their dealings with publishers. Since this was all mostly off the Internet (online distribution of Help?, academic papers being still in its infancy), those professors tend to see copyright as a law that enables the distribution of their ideas; that's how the publishers present it, after all, and in a printing-press-based world, it's a reasonable assertion. But this all probably informs how the professors teach copyright.

Even then, as you pointed out, many of them have complaints about the amount of control the publisher gets over the manuscript. I even know a professor who can no longer obtain copies of his own book: it's out of print, but the publisher won't let anyone else print it either. Resume Template Supply Supply Resume? (This may be a familiar story in academia, I don't know.) I wonder how long the categorization of copyrights, patents, and trademarks together as intellectual property law can hold up. They're all quite different from each other; there is probably some similarity between copyrights and patents, but there's hardly any meaningful similarity between them and trademarks. Yet somehow these things all got lumped together as IP. Because copyright-based industries are always careful to mention them in Hobbes: Political the same breath (see Bill Hilf's marvelous conflation while answering a question at the end of this presentation, for example), the public gets fooled. If I had a dollar for every time I talked to a complete stranger about Resume Resume, copyright and heard them ask Well, but don't you think trademarks are important? , I'd surely be able to fund from the Essay Help?, proceeds. It would be better if law schools and other academic institutions treated them as unrelated fields of study. That would do a lot to Chain Chain Resume alleviate the 1000 ideas about research, confusion (for the pro-copyright industry, a welcome confusion) that surrounds them now. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Tue, 2008-01-22 19:32.

First of all, thank you for the great article. You have made your point very well. I just wanted to make a quick comment about your statement Abandoning copyright is now not only possible, but desirable. Resume Chain? Both artists and audiences would benefit, financially and aesthetically. Recently, the broadway musical The Wedding Singer came to our Performing Arts Center here in town. AP Biology Essay? Being a fan of the movie, my wife and Resume Template Supply, I bought tickets right away. Political And Hobbes? We attended the show and highly anticipated the 80's songs that were played in the movie.

To our surprise, they did not play one song from the movie. Resume Supply Chain Chain? In fact, they did not play any songs from the 80's at ideas about on pinterest, all. Resume Chain Resume? What a disappointment. I did some research after the show only to find out that because of copyright issues the show could not include any of the 80's songs. I think this is a perfect example of where Copyright completely ruined what could have been a terrific show and if the copyright could have been abandoned, both artists and audiences would have benefitted, financially and aesthetically! Thanks for your kind words about the article, and for telling us about this incident (which may be a good candidate for inclusion in based costing in managerial statistics assignment help the Ghost Works Project, actually). Publication of scientific research. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Sat, 2008-02-02 18:22. I enjoyed your article, and the obvious depth of thinking you have put into Chain Supply Resume, your subject. I wondered if you have looked at the situation regarding scientific / medical research work?

In this world, a researcher does all the work, then submits it to based statistics help an academic journal, e.g. Nature, Lancet, New England Journal of Medicine etc. The author makes no money from the publication of the work, but the publisher does charge significant fees to anyone who wants to buy the work. Similarly if the researcher wants to Resume Template Supply Chain Chain Resume read the works of his / her peers, he has to pay the publishing house to Philosophy and Hobbes access those works. So basically, the publishing houses exist simply to Supply Chain Resume restrict access to scientific works and make profits for themselves by Character Of Raju Rosie restricting access to Resume Supply Chain Chain Resume work made by the researchers.

It seems to based in managerial accounting statistics help me that these situations are very similar to those of artists and other creative people described in Supply Supply Chain Resume your article. Re: Publication of scientific research. I'm glad you liked the article, thanks. 1000 About Paper? Take a look at Public Library of Resume Template Supply Chain Supply Chain, Science -- they're doing wonderful work to address exactly the situation you described. Submitted by Activity based costing in managerial accounting statistics assignment Anonymous (not verified) on Resume Template Supply Chain, Tue, 2008-02-26 15:18. Recently I was discussing a relevant topic on a different forum, that of the Activity costing assignment help, anime industry and Template Supply Chain Resume, fansubs, and I think, or at least hope, that one of the posts I came up with there is actually of great use to this debate as a whole. Political? I'll give a link after my post, but I think that it's best if I give an adaptation of my post first, and Supply Chain Resume, then provide a link to where I originally posted it. This article has been a strong influence for me in based costing in managerial statistics help my thinking about copyright, and this post is no exclusion. First of all, I'll quote the words of Zac, the executive editor of Template Chain Resume, Anime News Network, because what he said was crucial to my post:- You know, the Violence African Immigrants an essay, more I read up on copyright law, the Supply, more I agree it needs to colleges science be changed dramatically.

But not in Resume Template Supply Supply Chain the way you're suggesting. Copyright law appears to have been written to are the colleges in Kolkata computer science help foster the Supply, creation of new art and the promotion of the sciences. Accounting Statistics? What it doesn't do is Supply Chain Resume, protect a company's product, and that's what entertainment media is Activity costing in managerial accounting statistics, - a product. Episode #756 of Naruto is no different from a can of Resume Template Chain Chain, Coke, realistically speaking. It is a consumable product, created and marketed much in the same way a can of soda is. Because in the digital age it has no physical form other than bytes stored on a hard drive doesn't mean it's somehow less of a product - because people can classify entertainment product as art doesn't mean it somehow becomes less of a product, not part of the economy and not a business but instead some vague protected art. This argument isn't quite fully formed - I guess what I'm trying to Rosie say is that while copyright law protects ideas, concepts and Template Supply Resume, images, an episode of Character Rosie, Naruto is not just a collection of ideas, concepts and Supply Resume, images - it's a product, created to be sold to a certain demographic.

It is no more art than a candy bar. Copyright law seems to assume that there's this grand artistic community that needs protection in order to foster the creation of new works for Character Of Raju, the betterment of all but doesn't take into account the Resume Supply Chain, fact that entertainment is a business and these TV shows and movies are products. If we were to Violence against Immigrants US make actually acknowledge this fact - that anime is not some grandiose art that deserves to be seen by as many people as possible but rather a commercial endeavor like any other business - the whole 'it's not theft if I copy it a zillion times and give it away for free to anyone who wants it!' argument loses steam. Distributing Naruto episodes online illegally should be regarded as being no different from Resume Chain Resume, having a magic machine that xeroxes cans of Coke and Which are the top private colleges to pursue computer science and engineering?, standing in front of the store handing both the Coke and Supply Supply Resume, the machine out to anyone who shows interest. Now, without further ado, the content of Domestic Violence in the US make an essay, my post, adapted slightly, primarily to remove the core of referencing to anime specifically, since the issues were generally applicable. Great stuff Zac! It seemed that the Template, thread was dying, but you've just offered us this great post. When you discuss the writing of copyright law, I guess you mean current coypright law was written with that in mind, because, as you can read in The Promise of a Post-Copyright World, copyright in its initial form was written as a censorship mechanism, which was also used as a monopoly for Of Raju, the Stationers. Now, if you mean copyright as it was laid out in the United States First Amendment, then yes, that is how it was written.

However, is that the purpose it currently serves? I would say that this is evidently not the case; it is a tool of the RIAA, MPAA, etc., just as it was a tool of the Stationers. Resume Chain Supply Chain Resume? It's a tool they're using to protect their profits, but sadly for them, it's not working too well. Now, I'll go onto the Coke xeroxing machine analogy, because I think it's an Of Raju Rosie, absolutely brilliant analogy to talk about, and I think I can use it to make something very convincing. If technology that could xerox a can of Coke were to Resume Supply Chain Supply exist, then what is the cost of producing a can of Rosie, Coke?

Zero. Would this also mean that Coke is worthless? It seems so, doesn't it, but shortly I'll explain why that might not be the case. At this stage this seems like a horrible analogy to books and video of today, since video especially can be very costly to produce. But no, if you look deeper still, there is actually something you can draw from the analogy. Either something that can be copied indefinetely is valueless (infinite supply = zero price), as one could argue easily from an economic perspective, or there is something else to the product that has some kind of Resume Supply, inherent value. However, any value in such a product clearly cannot lie in the physical form of the product, and that is Violence against US make for me, why it is essential that any digital product must, by Resume Template Supply Chain Chain necessity, be seen as having value of a different kind. And here, I propose two distinct types of value, value to society (social value, I'll call it), and the value associated with the act of creation (For want of a better term I'll call it creative cost). Consequently, whether it is art or not is irrelevant - in its mere nature it cannot have value in the same way as a tangible product, but only in an intangible sense.

The very idea of trying to Violence against in the US make attach a standard, non-zero economic value to the product itself in the case of something that can be infinitely reproduced is clearly unsound. Resume Template Supply? However, the other two types of value I suggested can be applied just fine. Now I'll apply the value system I've just fleshed out to Domestic Violence African Immigrants in the for me your Coke analogy, arguing that even if Coke costs nothing to Resume Template Supply Chain Supply Chain reproduce (and hence produce, because the Activity statistics assignment, two things are equivalent in this case (though this is not the Resume Template Supply Chain Chain Resume, case for other products), it is not worthless. Help?? Firstly, Coke has social value - it is capable of providing enjoyment to society, or at least that's what Coke advertises =D. Secondly, there is the value associated with the Resume Template Supply Chain Supply Chain Resume, act of ideas paper, having invented Coke. Without the first Coke having been created in the first place, infinite reproduction would be impossible. Resume Supply Chain? In the case of Coke, the law attempts (or attempted) to recognise this value by giving Coca-Cola a patent for African in the for me, their product. As for any creative work, it has those same two types of inherent value. There is the social value, and the creative cost. One can agree to this without accepting any creative work as art at all; social value is benefit to society of any kind, it need not be artistic; many commercial works can still be said to be of value to society, even if that value is not artistic.

As for creative cost, well, the Template Supply Chain, fact that a television show costs money to create is undeniable, so it certainly possesses creative cost. In the case of about, a written work, it can be done by Template Supply Chain Resume a single person merely by spending time, but, as is AP Biology, all too often said, time is money. So, with this in mind, I'll return this to the issue of Resume Template Supply Supply Resume, creative cost. It is clear that not everyone who produces something that is a digital (or digitizable) product can offer it for Violence African US make an essay, free, though that would be best for society. However, once something is produced, economics says that it would be completely and utterly stupid to prevent near-infinite reproduction when it's so damned cheap. Hence comes the Template Supply, issue, and it is the very issue copyright failed to solve - how do you foster the Political Philosophy and Hobbes, creation of things that have no tangible value, but have significant social value as well as creation cost? Copyright is Template Supply Chain, a possible answer to this, but the fact is that it doesn't work. As far as I can see, there is no simple way to sort out Political and Hobbes such a question from a legislative perspective without significant violation of civil liberties. Consequently, the true onus is on society as a whole to Resume Supply Chain Supply find ways of repaying the creative cost. In the case of businesses, their role in this affair is that they will need to make profit from the social value of such a thing, rather than relying on the value of a physical product.

In the thread I said that a number of solutions to these problems already exist, and mentioned some of them, but that is unneccessary on Character Of Raju Rosie, this site. I'll return to Resume Supply Chain Resume the Coke-xeroxing machine to summarize - the Essay Help?, presence of such a Coke-xeroxing machine could be seen as nothing other than a bonus to Chain Supply Chain Resume society. Let me now change that Coke-xeroxing machine to a food-xeroxing machine (I admit I'm twisting Zac's argument slightly to get something yet more convincing out of it, and I apologize). That would be nothing other than an ENORMOUS benefit to AP Biology Help? society - it would alleviate world hunger in one fell swoop. Supply? The Internet should be seen in the exact same way. I believe a lot of Domestic Violence Immigrants in the, what I'm saying is rather similar to Template Supply Chain what I read in this article, but I hope I'm adding something of value. Now a link to the original posts, though I think it's unneccessary:-

Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Tue, 2008-02-26 16:31. Having thought about this further, I think there's a slight correction I need to make. When I use the analogy, I assert value in the form of Activity based costing accounting assignment, creative cost, and Resume Chain Supply Chain Resume, then I use two different examples of such, the invention of Hobbes: Political, Coke, and the creation of some kind of work. It makes for Resume Supply Chain Supply, a good analogy, but I may have fallen prey to Domestic Violence against US make the whole grouping IP together fallacy. Now, Coke have chosen not to Supply patent their formula, but the AP Biology Essay, fact that the patent was available to them remains.

However, if it were something infinitely reproducible, then, in the same way it has for software, patent law would be subject to Supply Supply Resume real, mainstream debate, which is a way in which we can only wish copyright would behave. A Coke xeroxing machine would, in about paper fact, (or at least I would hope so) be seen as a whole new invention having merits of its own. Consequently, while parallels can be drawn between patent and copyright, that is not to say that the same course of action should be taken for both. While both are about providing incentive to Resume Chain Supply Resume creators, patent is Activity based accounting statistics, indeed wholly different; and, more crucially, the current patent system is viable, while the copyright system certainly is not. The current patent system is Resume Chain Supply Resume, viable?? . the current patent system is viable ? Those who have the Character Of Raju, most experience with it are the ones most likely to disagree with this statement :-). I tend to think that abstract economic analyses (I've made many myself, so I'm guilty too) of creativity vs products vs distribution, etc, miss the main point: We've just built a world-wide copying machine.

It makes perfect copies every time, and costs almost nothing per-copy. So, are we going to Resume Template Chain Chain let ourselves use it or not? Submitted by AP Biology Help? Anonymous (not verified) on Resume Template Chain, Wed, 2008-02-27 07:32. I'm sorry, I was just afraid I'd made a mistake in Political Philosophy drawing a parallel in the way that I did, so I basically tried to cover my tracks as far as that parallel was concerned, and it didn't really help. Sure, one might say that the core principle is that we have this world-wide copying machine and it would make no sense whatsoever to limit its use, but I think analysis such as mine helps to understand how society can adapt to its presence. I think that what analysing the value behind products like digital media offers us at the least a viable outlook on how people can be reimbursed for their work, even an overall idea as to how a business can produce digital media and give it away for free. The basic principle for a business would be a simple one - harnessing the Resume Template Supply Chain, social value of the product to repay the creative cost, and make a profit as well. Sure, I understand what you're saying, but I also think we tend to fetishize familiar economic models -- indeed, we fetishize economic value itself, forgetting that economics is as capable of adjusting to new policy as policy is to economics. Here's another way to think about Help?, it: If it were the Resume Supply Chain, mid-1400s right now, but instead of inventing the printing press, Gutenberg had somehow invented the Internet, would anyone ever seriously have proposed anything resembling copyright law?

No, surely not. Free circulation of texts, etc, had been the norm up till then. The only restrictions were physical: how quickly and how accurately you or your scribes could copy. There is no reason to think that the appearance of a perfect, global copying machine into that environment would have led to an urge to restrict sharing (except for purposes of political censorship, of course, but that's not an acceptable motivation today). When the printing press (not the Internet) did appear, it had certain physical limitations, and Help?, economics and policy both adjusted to that. Now those limitations are gone -- not merely alleviated, but entirely obliterated. Economics can adjust again to the real world, as it should. To argue that we should preserve economics adjustments that were designed specifically around earlier physical limitations implies that either the adjustments or the limitations still serve some purpose, but if so, what? The mere preservation of a business model seems to me to Resume Template Supply be a weak goal. If the value we attribute to copyrighted works today partly depends on the monopoly restrictions of copyright, then where in this accounting do we figure in the negative number -- that is, the inverse value of Essay, those who wished to copy and make derivative works but couldn't? (Like Eldred, the publisher in Eldred vs Ashcroft, for example; see the Resume Chain Chain, Ghost Works article for another example. ) What bothers me is Help?, so-called economic analyses that leave out whole sides of the equations, and calculate value using the narrowly-defined formulas with which the Resume Resume, publishing industry determines its profits.

Those don't represent value from society's point of view, they only represent the value to one party in a multi-party transaction. If we're going to do economic analysis, let's do it for real, instead of letting the terms be defined in such a way that the outcome is a foregone conclusion! Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Mon, 2008-03-03 03:37. Well, I guess that's basically what I was trying to do - include a broader definition of Domestic Immigrants in the US make, value in my analysis, and see where that lead. It still gave me the same conclusions that you came up with - everyone with a stake in the issue needs to Resume Template Supply Resume realise that the current copyright model is unneccessary, and ineffective. Yup. Activity Based Accounting Help? Sorry, I get too caught up in tactics sometimes (and have been debating economists perhaps a bit too much lately -- it makes for bad reflexes :-) ). I didn't mean to imply that you had come to a conclusion other than the one you came to.

Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Resume Supply Chain, Fri, 2008-07-11 16:13. I dont think that the current patent system is Violence African Immigrants in the an essay for me, viable at all. The way it is set up it only serves the purpose of making sure copyright lawyers drive mercedes instead of honda. Do you have any idea how much it costs to get pattent protection? Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Wed, 2008-09-24 08:21. This is an interesting article, when it comes to japanese animation industry, the fansub community (represented by some web sites like AnimeSuki and Fansub-BT) are having some troubles with copyright owners when they translate unlicensed animes into different languages but it really helps the industry in choosing what anime they need to buy a license on a specific country. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Sun, 2008-04-13 07:07. A friend and I were actually talking about the Resume Template Chain Supply Chain, subject of Copyrights and she sent me a link to your article. Very interesting points you've made and I have to say that my stance on the topic has changed considerably as a result of your arguments.

Submitted by costing accounting statistics assignment help Anonymous (not verified) on Resume Supply Chain Supply Chain, Sat, 2008-05-03 21:25. Bingo this is exactly what I was after, answered a lot of 1000 ideas, questions I was pondering about. very neat paper definitely adding this to Resume Template Supply Chain Chain bookmarks as I'll be covering this subject more in depth next semester. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Fri, 2008-05-23 09:52. The copyright of a work is initially assigned to the person(s) that created it. Selling the copyright (the work) to against in the an essay for me a publisher is one major way a creative person makes money from their work. Resume Chain Supply? Prices publishers pay for copyrighted works have to do with their marketability just like any business. A song by the Rolling Stones will bring more money than a song by the local high school rock band. A new book by J.K.

Rowling commands a bigger rate than, say, a book by you. No one I know is Hobbes: and Hobbes, making money off of what you call the Chain Supply Chain, free stream. It gets a lot of ink from Internet types but no creative person is making money on it. Suggested donation? the day I can buy my groceries with a suggested donation is the day I'll allow a suggested donation for AP Biology Help?, my labor. Resume Supply Chain? Anyone else out there want to turn their paycheck into a suggested donation? how much have you made with your paypal donate button on this site??

I am not the RIAA, I am not a corporation. Political Philosophy And Hobbes? What you are describing here would take away my ability to feed my family. And if you ever succeeded in doing that you would soon see how fast your battle for copyright would become a personal one. I've made my living for about 15 years from the free stream. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Sun, 2008-10-26 02:52. Obviously you are talking from a very personal point of view and no-one would deny your right to feed your family but there must be better ways of implementing copyright laws than the way they are today. With the reach of the internet, they simply are not enforceable anyway. Anything you can get your hands on Resume Template Supply Chain, in data form (words, code, music etc) you can get for free on the net and some countries do not respect the Domestic Violence against for me, copyright of others so what are we to do?

Submitted by Supply Chain Resume Anonymous (not verified) on 1000 research paper, Mon, 2010-01-18 06:16. copyright is not needed to protect from fraud. the Chain Supply, best protection is knowing the reputation of and Hobbes, those you work with just like all other businesses not protected by Resume Supply Chain Supply Resume copyright. copyright will become obsolete as more authors and artists make their works of authorship(information) freely available on Hobbes: and Hobbes, the internet as an Template Supply Chain Chain Resume, advertisement for the sale of a packaging(physical object) or service(presentation or website or concert) which embodies the information. with millions of creative works being published every single day, modern musicians or authors should fear obscurity. far more than piracy. authors who insist on being monopolists of information will eventually fail and Activity based accounting help, those who are able to Resume Template Chain Supply Resume get their information copied and in widespread usage will thrive. this is Of Raju, how things were before copyright existed. if copyright was abolished then the internet would become a vast source of information for everyone to access and to Resume Template Supply Supply use and to Activity costing in managerial accounting statistics benefit from as it should be in a free society. Resume Template Supply Chain Chain Resume? society has decided that it will not be deprived of the. free flow of information. this is called progress and you cannot stop it. what society needs to do now is abolish copyright to stop the cruel and arbitrary punishment from copyright infringement. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Thu, 2010-08-12 08:58. It's apparent that you have no understanding of the real music industry. You've obviously never sat in a room alone with a musical instrument and a blank page and against African Immigrants US make for me, emerge hours later with art so powerful it changes lives, encourages the Template Supply Chain, hopeless or time stamps a special memory.

This act of creativity takes years or even decades to perfect. Domestic Violence Against African Immigrants An Essay For Me? Your theory suggests that if I master quantum physics and just because I have the technology to move objects that were designed, created and manufactured by Resume Supply Chain Chain Resume others who spent countless hours perfecting their skills, then it would be justified to share with everyone for Domestic against African Immigrants, the good of the people. Supply Supply Chain? I find it amusing that advocates of free music and those who frown upon 1000 about paper on pinterest, copyright law like, Chris Anderson, are still charging me for my Wired Magazine subscriptions. Your post sounds like a socialist agenda but please humor me and enlighten me step by Resume Template Chain Supply Resume step, (which I will outline the process for you below) as to how this aforementioned artist would be able to, not only support themselves, but underwrite the associated costs. Let's assume the artist is already established so we won't have the argument that, Well maybe this artist doesn't have what it takes. Artist writes a song that by today's standards feels like a hit.

The artist will need to record the song and and Hobbes, will either have to purchase a computer with recording software and learn how to engineer or go to Resume Supply Supply Chain Resume the local recording studio, which is like the Which are the top private colleges B.Tech science and engineering?, chicken or the egg scenario. Recording studios exists because the income artists receive from selling music flows back to Supply Chain Chain Resume other professionals like engineers, photographers, graphic design etc… This is why so many recording studios no longer exist. Artist pays modestly 20k to record one song, which includes the studio, an engineer, a mix engineer, 4 musicians, a producer, background vocalists etc. Depending on the song, this would be the Domestic Violence Immigrants in the, bottom-line budget by today's standards. If strings, horns or specialty instruments are needed, that would be additional costs. Basic strings will cost 7500.00 to Supply Chain Supply Resume 15k per session. Violence Against Immigrants For Me? Lastly, travel costs for the artist would likely be added above this budget, so let's say the artist is all-in for 25k. Artist now goes on the road to promote the song. The travel cost associated with touring is complex and Resume Template, involves hundreds of people who depend on getting paid as well.

However, now that the song is finished and the artist is ready to promote the song, we give the song away for free online. Please tell me how said artist gets paid or even recoups production costs. If you're telling me that word of mouth will make people go buy the music at iTunes, that's not realistic. Essay Help?? I have an artist with 60 million youtube views. We sold 50k singles last year because everyone knows they can get it for free on youtube.

Guess who's making the money there? Tell me how not only the artist, but the producer, writer, musicians, photographer, graphic designer, marketing department, booking agent and all others associated with making the one piece of music gets paid if we're to give it away? Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Thu, 2010-08-12 16:53. Maybe that artist should make music for hire instead of making it without pay and then expecting people to Resume Supply Chain Resume pay him? You don't agree to do any other service before some form of payment is Domestic Violence against Immigrants an essay for me, established do you? Fund and Resume Template, release. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Mon, 2008-06-16 04:21. Just wanted to Activity accounting help let you know that we posted a large part of your article at Template Supply Chain Resume,

Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Wed, 2008-06-18 13:53. Great articles and comments, how can I translate it in another language? I mean, am I allowed to translate it and post it on accounting statistics assignment, my web site if I send you the address and all? Re: Translation into more languages. Free copyright means free copyright: you don't have to ask my permission to make translations. I'd appreciate it if you'd send back a link if you do, though, so we can point people to it. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Resume Template Supply Chain Chain Resume, Thu, 2008-06-19 16:17. A distinction needs to be made between different kinds of media and Of Raju, creativity. Resume Resume? Written material is extremely easy to duplicate and tag your name to Domestic against African Immigrants US make an essay for me as compared to more 'live' material such as music and video.

For example, a site such as Sean Nalewanyj - the guy's entire income is dependent upon the fact that he INDEED is the author of the program in question. Supply? If there was no copyright, tons of people could simply stick their name up on the program and start selling it. On the other hand, it is rather obvious that there is a HUGE difference between sharing content and copying content. As time goes on, I'm sure the distinction will become clearer and many of costing assignment, these issues will start dying down. Good article nonetheless! Re: A distinction needs to be made. You're confusing copyright with protection from plagiarism. They're unrelated: one is about making copies, the other is Supply Resume, about attribution.

Anyway, if someone is Essay Help?, going to falsely claim authorship of a work, then they'll falsely claim the copyright at Chain, the same time. All the Character Of Raju Rosie, copyright laws in the world won't help the original author then -- the case needs to be prosecuted as fraud. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Wed, 2008-07-09 11:58. They're fighting to maintain a state of mind, an attitude toward creative work . You've got it in a nutshell, right there. That's the crux of the Template Chain Resume, issue. Until the creative community can foster a different state of mind, the insanity of ideas about research on pinterest, current copyright enforcement will continue. Submitted by Template Chain Supply Chain Anonymous (not verified) on Thu, 2008-07-10 11:33. Copyright is a legal concept, enacted by governments, giving the creator of an original work of 1000 ideas about research paper, authorship exclusive rights to it, usually for a limited time, after which the work enters the public domain. Generally, it is the right to copy, but also gives the copyright holder the right to be credited for the work, to determine who may adapt the work to other forms, who may perform the Chain, work, who may financially benefit from it, and other, related rights. It is an intellectual property form (like the patent, the trademark, and 1000 ideas paper on pinterest, the trade secret) applicable to any expressible form of an idea or information that is substantive and discrete. Resume? i hope we get this prtected as we protect our kids and save this for our future. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Wed, 2009-06-03 07:24.

A century of based in managerial statistics, censorship is Resume Supply, hardly a limited amount of time. That means artists can live their whole lives without ever being able to Which top private to pursue B.Tech computer science participate in the culture they exist in. Your kids won't be able to create art that has anything to do with the art owned by Template Supply Chain corporations during their lifetimes. Creative Commons and New Music Business Models. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Domestic African Immigrants in the US make for me, Wed, 2009-02-11 10:51. I offer all my songs under the Creative Commons because as an independent music producer I am well aware of the changing of the tides you have mentioned. The fact is Resume Template Supply, that the Internet, Peer 2 peer networks are comparable to one big radio station that is great for promoting artists (my site increases in traffic daily), but bad, bad, bad for record companies. So whats my business model? Same as any blog, and Activity based in managerial accounting statistics help, my music gets the word out.

Re: Creative Commons and Chain Supply Resume, New Music Business Models. Submitted by Activity based costing in managerial Anonymous (not verified) on Fri, 2010-10-22 17:43. What sort of Template Chain Supply, donations do you receive on average per Hobbes: Political Philosophy and Hobbes, download? Submitted by Supply Anonymous (not verified) on Sun, 2009-06-21 01:17. You have made good article to share. I will destribute it to my friends via email. I think in the today's modern industry of technology and internet it is almost impossible to stop unauthorised destribution. That is because everyone can place any content over the internet and Character Of Raju Rosie, people will not pay any money if they are getting the same thing for free. However, i never knew the history of copyright and i surprised that the copyright is Supply Chain Supply Resume, not for authors, but for destributor companies. End of something, but maybe not copyright. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Mon, 2009-11-02 10:24.

I think you'll find that a large portion of creators who seek another way are abandoning, not copyright, but publishers. They retain their copyright, and one of the 1000 ideas about research paper, big reasons is to protect themselves from someone taking a copy commercial and then opening an expensive war against the sharers. Look carefully, for example, at Resume Template Supply Supply Chain, the GNU General Public License (the copyleft) and you will see that it cannot operate without the existence of copyright *and its retention by the creator*. Other models are possible. There's nothing to prevent an author offering a limited-term exclusive license to publish his work while retaining copyright, including the right to offer other licenses to others when the term of ideas about research on pinterest, exclusivity has expired. Can that sort of agreement be used to optimize the Resume Template Supply Chain, benefit to the author? Beats me, but I'm sure that someone will try it, if it hasn't been tried already. Rosie? But again it depends on Chain Supply Chain Resume, the author's copyright -- he just uses it differently. Without copyright, there would be only *one* viable business model: the if you liked this, you might send me some money model.

Works for some, maybe not for others. Let's keep copyright and in the an essay for me, encourage creators to use it *ahem* creatively, and see what develops. There's a different axis for free culture. End of something, but maybe not copyright. There are many business models that work without monopolizing content. We've documented real-life examples of Resume Template Supply Chain, some of them here (see the Sita Distribution Project results, for example). You're writing from the Philosophy, perspective that this is Resume Supply, just a matter of the author's choice, that whatever the Activity in managerial accounting assignment, author chooses to do is Template Chain Supply, okay, isn't it great how the Character, Internet gives authors so many more possibilities today, etc. It is great, but the Internet also gives everyone more possibilities: authors, sometime authors, readers, filmmakers, composers, everyone.

The argument we're making is in essence a civil rights argument, not an Template Supply Supply Chain Resume, economics argument: why should anyone (publisher, author, author's estate, etc) have a monopoly over what you can do with your copies? Or what I can do? Given that there are so many more ways to use copies now than there used to be, it doesn't make sense to 1000 ideas about research on pinterest monopolize them. I wasn't sure what you meant about taking a copy commercial and then opening an expensive war against the sharers. Without copyright, how would one wage war against sharers? The GNU GPL and other copyleft licenses do not fundamentally depend on copyright; they could be implemented without copyright too very easily. See this article excerpt for Template Supply Chain Chain Resume, more on that. Re: End of something, but maybe not copyright. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Wed, 2009-12-09 10:48. I think the question here--and I'm curious about ideas paper, this, too--is how to make sure others follow the CC license, or whatever license the author uses.

For example, what would happen if Paramount Pictures decided to Resume Supply Chain Supply Chain Resume issue Sita Sings the Blues on a DVD and are the in Kolkata to pursue B.Tech computer and engineering?, copyright it. Then Paramount's lawyers started issuing Cease and Desist orders to the file sharers and other DVD distributors. (This is a pretty extreme example, I know.) How is the CC license enforced? Who keeps somebody else from Copyrighting your work? I know Nina Paley is the author of Sita, but technically what could she do to Resume Template Supply Chain stop this? I almost think she (or any other author) would then, oddly enough, rely on Domestic against African Immigrants an essay, the existing copyright laws to stop them. Is this correct? Just curious. Re: End of something, but maybe not copyright. Falsely claiming copyright or authorship is like any other kind of fraud. Resume Chain Supply? What keeps me from claiming to be you?

It's difficult to do it successfully, and there's a good chance that if you catch me, you'll have me punished (and after all, proving your case is easy -- once a fraud is Essay Help?, detected, there's rarely any difficulty to prove it, since the closer people look, the Resume Supply Supply Chain Resume, more fraudulent the fraud appears). This dynamic is as true with copyright as with anything else. Another way to Hobbes: Philosophy and Hobbes say it is, this has nothing to Resume Supply Chain Supply Chain do with free licenses. If copyright were so easy to steal, then it would happen all the African Immigrants US make an essay for me, time for the traditional restrictive licenses too. The reason it doesn't is that fraud is hard to Template Chain Resume do right. Re: End of something, but maybe not copyright. Submitted by ideas about research on pinterest Anonymous (not verified) on Wed, 2009-12-16 10:00. Okay. I guess that makes sense.

BTW, I'm very much in favor of the Creative Commons license model, but, I just want to understand, legally, how it works.I know my example above about Resume Supply Supply Resume, Paramount seemed abusrd, but there are smaller examples of things like this happening. I know of Character Of Raju Rosie, a company that colorized a 1936 public domain film, then tried to Template Chain claim that it had restored the are the top private colleges to pursue B.Tech science and engineering?, copyright on Resume Template Supply Chain Resume, it--even the original Black and White version. I don't know if it would hold up in court or not, but cease and desist letters can scare distributors and websites away from hosting material. In this case, they weren't claiming authorship, but they were claiming ownership. Now, I know we're not talking about Public Domain material here. But, what exactly are we talking about? I am going to costing in managerial make a film soon which I want to release for free with a CC-pro license. Do I need to Copyright it first? Is there any other legal means to Resume Supply Chain Resume claim authorship?I don't mind doing so, but it does make me wonder about the about research on pinterest, wisdom of abolishing all copyright laws, if, in Resume Template Supply Resume the end, we still rely on AP Biology Help?, them to legally claim authorship of our work. Would everything otherwise become Public Domain, with a hope that people abide by the CC license?Does my question make sense?

Re: End of something, but maybe not copyright. Your question doesn't make sense -- but it's not your fault, it's the fault of the rather confusing copyright system. First of all, you automatically get copyright for what you produce. You don't need to register copyright, or pay a fee; technically you don't even have to put a copyright notice on the work, though for various reasons your life will be easier if you do. It's automatically copyrighted by you no matter what. What license terms you choose, though, is up to you.

(Remember, this is not about claiming authorship. You claim authorship by putting your name on Template Supply Chain, the work. That's independent of copyright. Even if you released the work to based accounting help the public domain (i.e., explicitly gave up your copyright), you would still be the work's author. Tolstoy's works are in the public domain, not under copyright at all, but Tolstoy is Resume Chain Supply Resume, still known as their author. So you have to separate the idea of and Hobbes, claiming authorship from claiming the right to restrict people from copying the Resume Template Supply Chain Chain, work. Those are two totally different things.) Now, copyright is currently the only mechanism the law offers by which you can enforce a sharing-friendly license (i.e., a license that says derivative works must be freely shareable too). So, use a copyright license, no problem. Someday, as described in that excerpt I referenced earlier, the law may provide you another way to encourage sharing, in which case you could switch to using that way.

Choosing a free license is not an endorsement of the copyright system. It is a use of the copyright system to achieve something that copyright was not designed for. If there were no copyright in the first place, there would be no need for 1000 about research paper, your license to specify that sharing is okay, because sharing would automatically be okay in the first place. Re: End of something, but maybe not copyright. Submitted by Resume Chain Resume Anonymous (not verified) on Sun, 2010-01-31 18:18. Proving fraud is not easy. Ask a lawyer. Currently, the article The Street Performer Protocol and Character Rosie, Digital Copyrights can be found at Supply Resume, Fixed now, thank you. I'm an undergraduate student who became interested in this issue after watching Nina Paley's Sita Sings the Political and Hobbes, Blues which, I might add, was a brilliant film. Recently I have begun work on my term paper for a Social Sciences class on this subject, and I have been using this article as well as the video talk you gave as some of Template Supply Supply Resume, my references.

I am also planning my presentation on this topic, and want to cover all my bases. To that end, there is Activity based costing accounting help, one question I have so far, specifically with incentives for creation and other methods of Template Chain Supply Chain, profit. You said that singers hold concerts which provide them with additional income, and 1000 ideas research, there is Ms. Template Supply Chain Supply Resume? Paley who has grants and funds. 1000 Ideas About On Pinterest? I'm not sure if you have already mentioned it, but what are alternatives for writers? Thanks in advance for your time, I hope it's an easy question to answer! link is Resume Supply Chain Supply, dead and seemed to be something else. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Wed, 2010-04-21 04:56. A great and well-reasoned article. many thanks for AP Biology Essay, laying these points down so clearly. However, is dead and now redirects to some domain name holding company, while search engines claim that it used to Template Supply Chain Supply Resume be a site for Publication racks and Domestic Violence African for me, newspaper kiosks for Resume Template Supply Chain Supply, sale in durable hardwood (!) A current example of 1000 ideas about paper, paper print-on-demand is Re: link is dead and Resume Chain Resume, seemed to be . Thanks, Martin. Domestic Against African Immigrants In The US Make For Me? I'll make a note in the reference. Re: The Surprising History of Copyright and The Promise of Template Chain Resume, a . Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Fri, 2010-05-21 01:11. Re: The Surprising History of Copyright and The Promise of a . Thank you so much! We link to AP Biology it from the translations list at the top now. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Fri, 2010-06-11 04:25.

Well done admin! Removing the Resume Supply Resume, comments that showed the one fatal flaw in your plight for the use of copyrighted material?, let's all welcome hypocritical censorship as in Hobbes: Political and Hobbes sixteenth-century England. Do you remember what your comment said? Please repost if you have it (our editorial policy explicitly asks you to Resume Template Supply Chain Chain save copies, in case we accidentally delete something). The volume of spam comments we get insures that there will be occasional accidental deletions of non-spam. If you're volunteering to help us filter the spam, then you get to complain :-). Note that our comment policy (which is displayed when you make a comment) says we don't promise to publish every comment. Failing to publish someone's comment is not the same as censorship. Electrons are cheap; you're free to get your own web site. Nonetheless, we wouldn't have knowingly deleted a good comment.

So if you still have yours, please repost. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Fri, 2010-06-11 13:23. Do you remember what your comment said? Please repost if you have it (our editorial policy explicitly asks you to save copies, in against African Immigrants US make case we accidentally delete something). I do remember what my comments said, but I will gladly look up the posts from my original backups to confirm. The volume of spam comments we get insures that there will be occasional accidental deletions of non-spam. If you're volunteering to help us filter the spam, then you get to complain :-).

The volume of spam comments shows just how easy your site can be exploited, perhaps you should put your finger on the real pulse of the Internet and avoid such spam?. I will gladly volunteer to help with anything, but if you persist in Chain deleting 'spam' comments from a comment poster along with responses by Which top private colleges in Kolkata to pursue B.Tech science a resident artist (Nina Paley), just what exactly is accidental about that? Note that our comment policy (which is displayed when you make a comment) says we don't promise to publish every comment. Failing to publish someone's comment is not the same as censorship. The comment (actually plural) was (= comments were) published. You were clearly cornered, Nina Paley attempted two feeble counters, but she failed miserably. Electrons are cheap; you're free to get your own web site. I have my own website, in fact I have much more, please DO NOT use the loser response (so let's brush off the hecklers) when you are surely beyond that. Nonetheless, we wouldn't have knowingly deleted a good comment. So if you still have yours, please repost.

I do not think a repost is justifiable just yet, a stunning post which counters your basic principles is obviously just too much for you to grasp at present. As an alternative, I'll give you time to rethink your basic strategy towards your goal. Trying to Supply Chain Supply Chain 'cloud over' the Bible quote with copyright is a very poor response, with your resources you should know that copyright on ideas paper, the Bible is in most cases restricted to 'derivative', my original (deleted) comments were in fact copyrighted to me as the author of a 'derivative'. If you are going to Template Supply Chain fight for something, make sure you cover ALL bases against 1000 research paper on pinterest, attack!, counter ALL attacks successfully and Resume Chain Supply Chain, you might just win. It's true: the admin accidentally deleted a comment thread including replies by African Immigrants in the me, in which I eloquently proved you, Anonymous, were a big fat poopy-head. Tragically, those comments are gone forever, leaving you with the Resume Template Chain Supply Chain, false impression that I am a big fat poopy head. Oh cruel fate! Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Fri, 2010-06-18 09:31. It's true: the admin accidentally deleted a comment thread including replies by 1000 about research paper me, in which I eloquently proved you, Anonymous, were a big fat poopy-head. It appears that your idea of Template Chain Supply Chain Resume, eloquence is weak replies along with immature insults including what some would consider prejudice against people with weight disorders.

Your 'accidentally deleted' replies proved nothing about me of course, but certainly proved something much more substantial about Tragically, those comments are gone forever Fortunately those comments are not gone forever, because as someone who owns and maintains several websites - I backup EVERYTHING (especially any web pages with which I participate). leaving you with the false impression that I am a big fat poopy head. Unless you consider mind reading a part of your talents you have absolutely no idea what true or false impressions I have of Rosie, you, but your entire post does leave an outstanding impression of professionalism for public consumption. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Thu, 2010-07-22 06:39. Thank you very much for the free work shared in this website. I?ll pack some of your content and Resume Chain Chain, will sell this nice free work and make some profit. Yep, some people dont have time (or patience) to dig your site, so I will offer a compilation and Political, make mone with your free work, selling this compilation. Thank you again! Thank YOU!

Packaging and distributing books is a lot of work, and Template Chain Supply, demands upfront monetary investment. Glad you're willing to take the financial risk on behalf of our message. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Thu, 2010-07-22 08:47. No, no. No financial risk, no work either! I?ll just copy and past the work in a DVD or CD and sell it.

Or even setup a paid download. Political Philosophy? And I will ask you to not get pissed, because I?ll use your work to make money, but will never share it with you. Resume Template Supply Chain Resume? Sue me! OOps, without a copyright law this will be quite impossible. :^) If burning DVDs and setting up paid downloads is no work for you, great. It's work for me. Hobbes: Political Philosophy? I say, go for it! Then come back and tell us how much $$$ you made.

I promise I won't sue - selling copies of my work doesn't violate the CC-BY-SA license. Seriously. Go crazy. I kid you not. Why are you still reading this? Get burnin' and sellin'! You've got big bucks to make!

Re: I?ll sell your free work Why give him $ when it#039;s free here? Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Fri, 2011-02-25 10:03. I'll just download the Resume Template Supply Chain Supply Chain, entire article for free at this website instead of giving this. Jackass any of are the in Kolkata to pursue B.Tech science and engineering?, my money. Thank you for a monumental and interesting body of work that we will be linking to. Re: I?ll sell your free work Why give him $ when it#039;s free here? Submitted by Resume Template Chain Anonymous (not verified) on Which top private colleges in Kolkata B.Tech science and engineering?, Sun, 2011-03-06 23:35. You appear to Resume Template Chain Supply Chain be missing the Hobbes: Philosophy, point of the article completely. The idea is that having the information spread freely is a good thing.

So if you want to make a copy and try to make money off it, thats great! It means it will be seen and enjoyed by more people. If you end up making lots of money from it, we would be HAPPY ( aside from your attitude about Resume Chain Resume, it being rather hostile). The point is that sharing is good. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Thu, 2010-07-22 08:39. Because this cause is clearly socialist, and as an Violence African in the for me, artist that cant manage to Supply Supply Chain pay the bills with utopic ideas, I would like to ask what is the amount of Which are the colleges in Kolkata and engineering?, artists that jumped in to this cause? I mean REAL artists, that spends lots of Resume Supply Chain Supply, money and time studing his art? Any with children to grow up?

Any that pay taxes? If I would like to share my production freely, I dont need any change in the law, I just give it. Abolition of the are the colleges in Kolkata to pursue B.Tech, copyright laws only benefit copiers (i.e. parasites). Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Tue, 2010-08-17 05:37. Actually, many libertarians and classical liberals question copyright on philosophical or economic grounds. For example, See N. Stephen Kinsella's essay Against Intellectual Property. Supply Chain Resume? In short, he believes the concept of Domestic against Immigrants in the US make an essay, intellectual property weakens both physical property, and basic freedoms like freedom of speech. Re: The Surprising History of Copyright and The Promise of a . Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Fri, 2010-10-15 10:57. I enjoyed most of the Chain Chain Resume, article, but you have the Statute of and Hobbes, Anne completely inside-out, and it really weakens your case.

Consider the real story: First off, it's extremely disingenuous to refer to the Stationers' law as a copyright measure. It doesn't resemble what we think of as copyright in any way. True copyright began with the Statute of Anne, not the Stationers. The Stationers' publishing monopoly may have been based on censorship, but it also proved to be a highly efficient way to encourage the creation and distribution of books. Supply? Because it worked well, much better than patronage, by the time the Stationers' monopoly ended, the patronage system was on Philosophy and Hobbes, the way out. The monopoly had done a great deal of damage to the system, but with it gone, and Template Chain, no strong, viable alternative, all that remained was anarchy. When anyone with a press could publish a written work, that frequently turned out to be exactly what happened.

And without regulatory laws and contracts to keep them in Activity based in managerial accounting assignment line, they would publish their works under their own terms, frequently without any compensation to the authors. The simple truth is that authors asked for a copyright law in order to keep the publishing houses from abusing expensive modern technology that wasn't generally available (the printing press) to their detriment and, quite frequently, their financial ruin. Supply Resume? Once authors were able to harness the publishing companies, they could use the law to suppress abusive publishers and be able to maintain an income based on their work. Parliament passed it with a very important provision: the expiration date. (Would a group of Hobbes:, publishers seeking the Resume Template Chain Supply Chain, restoration of accounting statistics assignment, a perpetual monopoly really lobby for one?) The idea is Supply Chain Chain Resume, not to use copyright as an incentive to get authors to create works, but as an Which top private colleges in Kolkata to pursue science and engineering?, incentive to get authors to enrich the Resume Supply Chain, public domain ; the same idea that's been used so successfully (originally, at least,) in patents. When you see the origins of copyright as a means to suppress the abuses of publishing companies rather than enable them, then the Activity based costing statistics, true scope of the abominations they've perpetrated over the last 40 years or so becomes clear. The Statute of Anne was developed for Resume Chain Chain Resume, the explicit purpose of preventing wealthy publishing companies from abusing expensive modern technology to the detriment of authors. AP Biology? (It even says so in the preamble.) And ever since then, they've been patiently working to restore status quo ante.

The Digital Millenium Copyright Act finally brings things full circle: It was developed for the explicit purpose of permitting wealthy publishing companies to abuse expensive modern technology, to the detriment of not only authors but the Template Chain Supply Chain, general public. That's the story that you need to be telling. The publishers have turned a legal tool meant to keep them under control into a tool by AP Biology Help? which they can control the Resume Template Chain Chain Resume, rest of us. The DMCA turns both law and common sense inside-out. DRM takes the Violence African US make an essay, control of a computer's functionality out of the hands of the computer's owner, overriding it and bending it to the will of Resume Template Supply Chain Resume, some other programmer, against the owner's will. In any other context, this is known as computer hacking, and it's a serious crime. Instead, the DMCA arbitrarily declares that this is legal, and that it is in fact a crime for a computer owner to reassert their own natural right to control of their property by disabling or bypassing the based costing statistics, hacker's DRM software. Copyright, as originally conceived, is a good idea, both for authors and for society as a whole.

The only people it harms are the publishers, and Resume Chain Supply, this is by Philosophy design. Template Chain Supply Chain? That's why they've spent so much effort to work on changing it ever since it was invented. AP Biology? We need to work to restore it, to roll back the abusive mutations that have been introduced to the law, not abolishing it and leaving another power vacuum like the one that led to Template Supply Chain Supply Resume the creation of copyright law in Philosophy the first place. Re: The Surprising History of Supply Chain Supply Resume, Copyright and The Promise of a . Submitted by Help? Anonymous (not verified) on Resume Template Chain Chain Resume, Sun, 2010-11-14 19:45. Hi, Anonymous; thanks for your critique. Hobbes: Political Philosophy? (I'd love some sources for those points, if you have time to give them.) I don't completely agree, because there are important respects in Supply Chain Resume which the original Stationers' monopolies really were like copyrights: they were treated as property by the Stationers themselves, within the Company. The resemblance is too strong to pass over unremarked. Also, the driving force behind the Statute of Anne was primarily the publishers, not authors. Activity Accounting Assignment? It is true that some authors understandably felt abused by Resume Chain Chain printers, and Activity costing accounting statistics help, this shaped the statute, but there seem to Resume Supply Supply Chain Resume have been very few authors -- who were not also Stationers, that is -- directly lobbying for the model in 1000 ideas research paper on pinterest the Statute of Anne.

Indeed, it would have made much more sense for Resume Supply Chain Supply Chain Resume, authors to argue for a mandatory royalty rate and some statutory protections as to integrity of content, rather than for a transferable monopoly. Yet we ended up with a transferable monopoly. Activity Statistics Help? Why? Because the model was designed for the sustainability of the publishing industry, not for authorship per se. Thus it seems to me more accurate to say that the Statute of Anne was essentially a publisher-driven law that contained important concessions to authors and to the public domain in order to get passed.

Undoing both types of Resume Supply Supply Resume, concessions has been the top private colleges in Kolkata B.Tech computer science and engineering?, great project of the content industry in modern times. I think I actually agree with you that it was a good idea for its time. But today, when we have a zero-marginal-cost, worldwide copying and Resume Supply Supply, editing machine, the opportunity cost of Philosophy and Hobbes, copyright is much higher -- even of copyright as originally formulated by the Statute of Anne. Resume Supply? If instead of the printing press, the Internet had been invented in the 1400s, I do not think we would see a development like copyright, because it wouldn't make much economic sense. The right thing to do today is not simply to restore copyright to its former balance, because it was only balanced in costing accounting statistics help world that is now vanished. We need much more fundamental reform than that, to make copyright in the Internet age compatible with freedom of speech and with people's clear desire to share information and art without artificial restrictions.

-Karl Fogel (too lazy to log in, so just signing here) Re: The Surprising History of Copyright and The Promise of Resume Template Supply Supply Chain Resume, a . Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Sat, 2010-10-30 01:55. There's an amazing book by Eckhard Hoffner Geschichte und Wesen des Urheberrechts (ISBN-10 : 3930893169). I'm afraid it's not yet available in english, but hopefully it will be some day. Hoffner claims that the rise of germany from a rather insignificant agrarian nation to an economic super power during the 19th century is mainly due to the absence of Which are the top private in Kolkata to pursue B.Tech science and engineering?, copyright in germany during that time, causing an explosion of wisdom.

Hoffner gives numerous intersting examples and comparisons to other countries of that time. The book is Resume Template Chain, just as eye-opening as this great article by kfogel. Re: The Surprising History of Copyright and based in managerial, The Promise of a . Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Sun, 2010-11-14 19:47. Thanks! Yes, we've been hearing a lot about that book. I'd like to read it. Re: The Surprising History of Copyright and The Promise of Resume Template Chain Supply Resume, a . By the way, in a world without copyright restrictions, you wouldn't have to hope that someday Eckhard Hoffner's book will be available in Domestic African Immigrants for me English. Template Resume? Instead, anyone who wanted to translate it could do so -- and probably would: see this article for more about colleges to pursue B.Tech science and engineering?, what happens when spontaneous translation is Template Supply Chain Supply, permitted.

Re: The Surprising History of Character Of Raju, Copyright and The Promise of a . Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Wed, 2010-11-03 01:41. Re: The Surprising History of Copyright and The Promise of Template Chain Supply Chain, a . Submitted by about paper on pinterest Anonymous (not verified) on Sun, 2010-11-14 19:48. Minor correction to above comment: though many articles on this site are by Nina Paley, this one isn't (it's by Karl Fogel). Re: The Surprising History of Copyright and Supply Chain, The Promise of a . Yes! Karl Fogel wrote this article, not me. It certainly influenced me.

Re: The Surprising History of Copyright and The Promise of a . Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on are the top private in Kolkata B.Tech science, Tue, 2012-05-01 06:33. yes you are right. Re: The Surprising History of Copyright and Template Supply Resume, The Promise of a . Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Wed, 2011-01-19 18:23. Well, there's so much here to comment on, but I would point out that despite all the talk about Violence African in the an essay for me, protecting the artist, I haven't heard of Resume Template Supply Resume, any artist actually receiving any payment from sync or mechanical rights. The recording companies keep these. In fact, Roger McGuinn of the Byrds testified before Congress that he hadn't received one cent of Rosie, promised royalties from the Byrds' albums despite the albums being in print continuously for over 40 years! The record company keeps telling him that the records haven't made a profit yet, as if it would be logical to keep something in Resume Template Chain Supply print for 40 years that hasn't made money! So now, McGuinn releases his songs over 1000 about paper the Internet and controls all of his rights and collects all of his money.

Copyrights use to be only 20 years like patents. Thanks to Resume Supply Chain Resume the movie and recording industries, they've pushed corporate copyrights terms to Philosophy 95 (!) years and individual copyrights to 150 years (or more). Resume Supply Chain Supply? And nothing new has entered the public domain since 1998, nor will it until 2018 (if there isn't another copyright revision). The whole idea of copyright wasn't to tie up the 1000, rights so creative works would be squirreled away for a century. Supply Chain? If a book publisher drops a book, the author can find another publisher. But if a record company drops an artist, it keeps their recordings forever. It's not right. These films and recordings are our national culture.

Re: The Surprising History of Copyright and The Promise of a . Submitted by Domestic against African Immigrants an essay for me Anonymous (not verified) on Sun, 2011-02-06 20:53. So could I treat it like this: Authors have the right to keep secret. THose who want to share the secret should comply with the authors' terms and conditions. The terms and conditions was to be made in Template Chain Supply Chain synergy with the Rosie, law as a whole. Secrets that were made public by the authors were not secrets anymore. So the Supply Supply, law should allow us to Character Of Raju share whatever it is that's publicly available for free. Lie or dangerous modification of the free publication should be considered as fraud and so copyright infringement is Resume Template Supply Supply, not necessary. How about Marketability? What made us buy the things that we've bought? Don't people who gave us access to utility deserve payments?

So doesn't the creators of the Character Of Raju Rosie, internet deserve our money if we had access to good music because of the internet? I haven't paid anything to them have you? Re: The Surprising History of Template Chain Resume, Copyright and The Promise of a . Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Sun, 2011-02-06 21:09. 5. So the Which are the top private colleges in Kolkata to pursue, law should allow us to share whatever it is Template Supply Chain Supply, that's publicly available for free. I should've said So the law should allow us to share whatever it is that's publicly available for free.

So if the authors demands payment for access, then it's not broadcasted, its exclusively available. Re: The Surprising History of Copyright and The Promise of Hobbes: Political Philosophy, a . Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Mon, 2012-07-09 07:45. I would like to know your thoughts on lessening the time limit on copyright, as how it used to be; for a limited time of Template Supply Chain Chain Resume, exclusivity where the creator made a profit then it went to the public domain.